The name is derived from the Baltic element žemė meaning, “earth.”
In ancient Baltic religions, this was the name of an earth and fertility goddess, known as Žemyna among the Lithuanians and Zemes-mãte among the Latvians.
She was responsible for bringing enrichment to the crops, fields and livestock. She was the personification of nature and the earth.
Other Lithuanian forms include: Žemė, Žemelė, Žemynėlė, Žemynėlyna.
In Polish, it is rendered as Zemyna.
The Latvian form is Zeme and the Saimogaitian form is Žemīna.
The designated name-day is February 21.
- J.Suchocki, Mitologia bałtyjska, Warszawa 1991.