Gender: Feminine
Origin: Arabic صفيّة
Meaning: “pure.”

The name is derived from the Arabic word, saf صاف (pure).

The name was borne by Safiyya Bint Huyayy, a Jewish-Bedouin woman who converted to Islam and became one of the Prophet Mohammed’s wives. It was also borne by Safiyya bint ‘Abd al-Muttalib, a Sahaba of Mohammed.

As of 2010, its Maghrebin form of Safia was the 293rd most popular female name in France. Her variant forms appear throughout the French top 500; their rankings are as follows:

  • # 297 (Safa)
  • # 466 (Safiya)
Safiyyah was the 10th most popular female name in Malaysia (2011)

Other forms of Safiya include:

  • Safija Сафия (Albanian/Bosnian/Bulgarian/Central Asian)
  • Safia (Algerian/Berber/Moroccan/Tunisian)
  • Safa (Arabic)
  • Saffiya (Arabic)
  • Safiye (Azeri/Kurdish/Turkish)
  • Shafiyah (Indonesian)
  • Safiyyah (Malaysian)
  • Safiya صفیه (Persian)


Gender: Masculine
Origin: Arabic
Meaning: debated

The name could either be derived from the Arabic ṣafā (صَفا) meaning, “pure” or the Arabic,    ṣūf (صُوف), meaning, “wool.”

The name was borne by Abu Sufyan, originally a staunch opponent to the Prophet Mohammed, he later became a devout Muslim. It was also borne by Sufyan ath-Thawri ibn Said (716–778), a notable Islamic scholar who is credited for putting together many of the hadiths.

A modern notable bearer is American musician, Sufjan Stevens (b.1975).

As of 2010, its Maghrebin form of Sofiane was the 106th most popular male name in France.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Sufyan (Albanian/Arabic)
  • Sofiane (Algerian/Moroccan/Tunisian)
  • Sufian (Arabic/Persian)
  • Süfyan (Azeri/Kurdish/Turkish)
  • Sufjan Суфьян (Bosnian/Bulgarian/Central Asian)
  • Sufyaan (Somalian)


Gender: Feminine
Origin: Spanish or Yiddish  רֵײנָא
Meaning: “queen” or “pure”

The name can either be from the Spanish word for queen or comes from the Yiddish word, rein, meaning “clean; pure.”

In the Spanish-speaking world, the name has been around since Medieval times and was often used as a Regina equivalent.

Among European Jews, the name was used as a Yiddish form of Katherine, sometimes transliterated as Rayna (English), Reina/Raina (German) or Rejna (Polish).

Rayna is coincidentally a Bulgarian female form of Rayno, believed to be derived from Radko, which itself is derived from the Slavic element, rad (care).

It can also likewise be the Latvian word for the Rhine river, and is the name of two different places, one in Estonia and the other in Spain. It is the name of a type of grape used to make red wine.

Another form is the Medieval French, Reine.

Currently, Reina is the 977th most popular female name in the United States (2010), while Rayna ranked in at 899 (2010).

The designated name-day in Estonia is September 7.



Skaidra, Skaidrė

Gender: Feminine
Origin: Latvian/Lithuanian
Meaning: “clear; serene, pure.”
Lith (SKADE-dray; SKADE-rah)
Lithuanian pronunciation can be heard here

The name is derived from the Baltic element, skaidri, meaning “clear, serene, pure.”

In Lithuania, its designated name-day is April 4, while in Latvia it is February 28.

Another Lithuanian form is Skaidruolė and another Latvian form is Skaidrite.

Skaidrė is also the name of a village in Lithuania.


Gender: Feminine
Origin: Lithuanian
Meaning: “bright; clear; pure.”

The name is derived from the Lithuanian, skaisti, meaning, “clear, bright; pure.”

Another form is Skaistuolė, which literally means “virgin” (sky-STWOH-lay)

The masculine forms are Skaistis and Skaistys.

The designated name-day is January 22.


Gender: Feminine
Origin: Latvian
Meaning: “clean; pure.”

The name is derived from the Latvian spodrs meaning “clean; pure.”

The designated name-day is January 4th.

As of 2008, the name was borne by approximately 339 women in Latvia.

The male form is Spodris, which is borne by approximately 126 men in Latvia, and it has its own name-day which is January 28.

Ariadne, Ariadni, Ariadna

waterhouse_ariadneGender: Feminine
Origin: Greek
Meaning: “most holy; most chaste.”

The name is composed of the Cretan elements ari meaning “most” and adnos meaning “holy.” Other sources argue that it is composed of the ancient Greek elements ari meaning “most” and hagne meaning “chaste.”

In Greek mythology the name is borne by the daughter of King Minos and his wife Pasiphaë of Crete. Ariadne is most known for helping the hero Theseus overcome the minotaur and find his way back through the labyrinth by giving him a ball of red yarn. Ariadne was in love with Theseus and ran off with him after he had killed the minotaur, but Theseus had abandoned her while she was sleeping, on the isle of Naxos. This part of the myth has been popularly rendered in paintings. It is said that Ariadne later married the god Dionysus. Many scholars suggest that Ariadne was originally a pre-Olympian Cretan goddess.

The name was also borne by an early Christian martyr, a Christian slave who refused to participate in the regulatory libations to the local gods, legend says that she was hunted down by the authorities until she ran into a chasm that miraculously swallowed her up. Her feast is held on September 17 and she is a popular saint in the Greek Orthodox Church. In modern Greece, where the it is rendered in the conventional form of Ariadni, the name is still relatively common. It is growing in popularity in Spain and Poland as Ariadna. The Latin and Italian rendition of the name is Arianna, also a common name in Greece.

The name is borne by Greek-American author and syndicated columnist Arianna Huffington (b. 1950).

In recent years, its Italian form of Arianna has become quite prevalent in the U.S. coming in at # 66 among the top 1000 female names of 2008. The French form is Ariane and the more obscure Arienne. Another more modern version is Ariana, which comes in as the 81st most popular female name in the United States ( 2008). There is also an ancient Etruscan form Areatha.

Other forms include:

  • Arijadna (Croatian)
  • Ariadné (Hungarian)
  • Ariadnė (Lithuanian)