Linda

Gender: Feminine

1. Origin: German
Meaning: “soft; tender”
Линда

2. Origin: Spanish
Meaning: “pretty”

3. Origin: Estonian
Meaning: “bird.”

In the English-speaking world, the name is most likely derived from the ancient Germanic element, linde, meaning, “soft; tender.”

Its popularity between the 1940s-1950s may have been due to its associations with the Spanish adjective, linda which means “pretty.” However, the name is not really used in Spanish-speaking countries.

In Estonian, the name has a completely different etymology and history. It appears in the Estonian national epic, the Kalevipoeg, where it is the name of the protagonist’s mother. In this case, the name is most likely derived from the Estonian word lind, meaning “bird.”

Between 1947-1952, this was the most popular female name in the United States, as of 2010, it ranked in as the 623rd most popular female name. Her rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • # 393 (France, 2009)
  • # 456 (Netherlands, 2010)

The name is also used in Czech, German, the Scandinavian languages, Finnish, Italian, Hungarian, Latvian, Slovak and in Bulgarian.

Designated name-days are: February 13 (Hungary), April 15 (Finland), April 30 (Latvia), June 20 (Sweden), June 25 (Estonia), August 21 (Latvia), September 1 (Czech Republic) and September 2 (Slovakia).

Notable bearers include: American actress and star of the Exorcist, Linda Blair (b.1959); Wonder Woman star, Lynda Carter (b. 1951); Canadian supermodel, Linda Evangelista (b.1965); actress Linda Fiorentino (b.1958) and Linda McCartney (1941-1998).

Sources

  1. www.behindthename.com
  2. www.askoxford.com
  3. http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/19438
  4. http://www.kalevipoeg.info/
  5. http://www.lituanus.org/2001/01_3_05.htm
  6. http://www.nlib.ee/html/expo/kalevipoeg/sisse-eng.html
  7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linda_(Estonian_mythology)
  8. http://online.ectaco.co.uk/main.jsp;jsessionid=bc30356aa6876d371b29?do=e-services-dictionaries-word_translate1&direction=2&status=translate&lang1=23&lang2=et&refid=-1&source=lind

Carina

The name can either be a derivative of the Latin word for a ship keel, or from the Latin word carus meaning (dear), or it may be from the Italian adjective carina (nice; pretty; sweet). Or it can be a contraction of the name Catharina. It has also been suggested to be a feminine form of the Greek male name, Carinos, one of the many epithets of the God, Apollo.

A common Russian hypothesis is that it derived from the ancient Slavic name, Karna (to cry). Karna also known as Karina was the Slavic goddess of mourning and funeral rites

It is the name of a constellation in the southern sky as well as an early Greek Christian martyr. As of 2010, it was the 60th most popular female name in Austria. While in the United States, it only ranked in at #948.

Karina ranks higher in the United States, coming in at # 288 (2010).

Other forms of the name include:

Carine/Karine Կարինե (Armenian/Dutch/French)
Karina Кари́на (Bulgarian/Czech/German/Greek/Latvian/Lithuanian/Polish/Scandinavian/Ukrainian/Russian/Slovak)
Carina (Estonian/English/German/Italian/Portuguese/Romanian/Scandinavian/Spanish)
Kaarina (Finnish)
Karīna (Latvian)
Karine (Norwegian)
Karyna (Polish)

Designated name-days are: January 2 (Czech Republic), March 17 (Latvia), March 24 (Hungary), May 7 (Sweden), August 2 (Poland), November 7 (Lithuania).

Sources

  1. http://www.behindthename.com/name/karina
  2. http://www.behindthename.com/name/carina-1