The name comes directly from the Arabic word for forenoon or late morning. In Islam, it is used in reference to Salat ad-Duha صَلَاة الضحى, a voluntary prayer that is said between Fajr and Dhuhr and is used mainly for the atonement of sins.
It is also the name of the 93rd chapter in the Qu’ran, al-Ḍuḥā الضحى, (the Morning).
As a given-name, it is traditionally unisex, but has been more often bestowed on females.
The name can be of several different origins and meanings.
It is a Biblical male name that occurs in 2 Samuel 23:25 as the name of Elika the Harodite, one of David’s 37 special warriors. In this case, אֵַליקָא (Eli’ka), may mean “vomit of God” or “Congregation of God.” Some sources also list this as meaning “pelican of God.” In English, the name would be pronounced ee-LYE-kuh.
Pronounced, EH-lee-KAW الیکا, it is a Persian female name that derives from the Mazanderani language, meaning, “wild cherry.” However, it’s use in Iran may be influenced by an identical sounding Indian female name, which is derived from the Sanskrit एलीका (Elika), meaning “small cardamom.” It is also the name of a village in northern Iran of the same aforementioned Mazanderani etymology.
Elika is also a Nordic female name of uncertain etymology, it’s earliest use is recorded in 18th-century Iceland. It may derive from the the Frisian diminutive name, Alike, which is a diminutive form of any name beginning in the Adal- element, or the Frisian unisex diminutive name Elike, which is a short form of any name beginning in the EGG- element.
It may also be linked with a Greenlandic female name of uncertain etymology.
It’s Nordic form has been in use in Finland & Estonia, as well as all of Scandinavia & Iceland. It should be noted that Elike has occurred in use as a unisex name in Norway and Friesland.
Swedish and Frisian female variations include Eliko & Eliken.
Alternately, it is a Mari female name, but is of uncertain meaning, it may be a variation of Evika, meaning “slender.”
It is also the Hawaiian translation of Elisa, Eliza, Erica & Eric.