The name is a French compound name made up of Marie and Jeanne. It is the French cognate of Mary Jane.
It is currently the 337th most popular female name in Quebec, Canada (2010).
The name was borne by French poetess Marie-Jeanne L’Héritier de Villandon (1664-1734).
It was also borne by French novelist Marie-Jeanne Riccoboni (1714-1794).