Gender: Masculine
Origin: Greek
Meaning: “immortal.”
Eng (AM-broze); Fre (ahm-BWAHZ)

Ambrose is an English version of the Late Latin, Ambrosius, which is a form of the Greek male name Αμβροσιος (Ambrosios), meaning, “immortal.”

The name was borne by a 4th-century Christian saint, a contemporary of St. Augustine of Hippo. He is considered a Doctor of the Church and the patron saint of Milan.

As of 2010, its French form of Ambroise was the 391st most popular male name in France.

The designated name-day is December 7.

There is a feminine version as well, Ambrosia, and in Greek mythology, it is borne by the daughter of Atlas and Pleione. It was also the name of the food of the gods eaten on Mount Olympos.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Ambrozi (Albanian)
  • Ambrosiu (Asturian)
  • Anbortsi (Basque)
  • Ambroaz (Breton)
  • Amvrosij Амвросий (Bulgarian/Russian/Ukrainian)
  • Ambròs (Catalan)
  • Ambrosgiu (Corsican)
  • Ambrozije (Croatian)
  • Ambrož (Czech/Slovene)
  • Ambroos (Dutch)
  • Broos (Dutch/Limburgish)
  • Ambroise (French)
  • Ambros (German/Romansch)
  • Ambrosios Αμβροσιος (Greek)
  • אמברוזיוס Ambrwzyws (Hebrew)
  • Ambrus (Hungarian)
  • Ambrósíus (Icelandic)
  • Ambróis (Irish)
  • Bosone (Italian: obscure)
  • Ambrogio/Ambrogino (Italian: more common forms)
  • Ambrosino (Italian: obscure)
  • Ambrosi (Kiswahili)
  • Ambrosius (Late Latin/Danish/Dutch/Finnish/German/Estonian/Norwegian/Swedish)
  • Ambrozijs (Latvian)
  • Ambraziejus (Lithuanian)
  • Ambroeus (Lombard)
  • Ambroży (Polish)
  • Ambrósio (Portuguese)
  • Ambrozie (Romanian)
  • Ambrosi(Romansch)
  • Ambròsu (Sardinian)
  • Ambroggiu (Sicilian)
  • Ambróz (Slovakian)
  • Ambrosio (Spanish/Galician/Italian/Venetian)
  • Emrys (Welsh)

Feminine forms include:

  • Ambroisine/Ambrosine (French)
  • Ambrogia/Ambrogina (Italian)
  • Ambrosina (Italian)
  • Ambrosia (Greek/Italian)
  • Ambrozja (Polish)
  • Ambrozija (Slovene)


Gender: Masculine
Origin: Arabic إدريس‎ or Welsh
Welsh Meaning: “ardent lord.”
Arabic Meaning: uncertain

Idris is of two different origins and is used in two separate cultures. In Welsh, it is composed of the elements, udd (lord; prince) and ris (ardent, enthusiastic.” In Welsh mythology it was borne by a giant who used the mountain peak of Cadair Idris (Seat of Idris) as an observatory. Legends claims that if you spend one night on the mountain peak you wake up either as a madmen or as a great poet. The name was also borne by a 7th-century Welsh prince, Idris ap Gwyddno.

In the Qu’ran, the name is borne by a prophet, traditionally ascribed to being the same as the Biblical prophet Enoch. Many modern Islamic scholars now believe that Idris was a separate person from Enoch. In this case, the name is believed to be of pre-Islamic and possibly of non-Arabic roots of undeterminate etymology, some, however have connected the name with the Arabic root d-r-s, meaning, “study.”

As of 2009, Idris was the 479th most popular male name in France. In France it is used both among the Bretons and among recent Muslim immigrants.

Other forms of the Arabic include:

  • Idris إدريس‎) Идрис (Albanian/Arabic/Assyrian/Baloch/Bosnian/Bulgarian/Circassian/Dagestani/Egyptian/Ethiopian/Indonesian/Javanese/Lebanese/Malaysian/Nigerian/Syrian)
  • İdris (Azeri/Turkish)
  • Idriss (Chadian)
  • Driss (Berber/Moroccan)
  • Ydyrys Ыдырыс (Chechen/Kazakh/Kyrgyz/Tajik/Tatar/Turkmen/Uzbek)
  • Idrîs (Kurdish)
  • Idriis (Somali)
  • Idrissa (West African)


Gender: Masculine
Origin: Arabic عمر
Meaning: “populous; flourishing; life.”


Gender: Masculine
Origin: Biblical Hebrew
Meaning: “speaker.”

The name can be of multiple origins and meanings, in Arabic, the name is derived from the word, عمر (umr) meaning, “life.”

The name was borne by the second caliphe of the Muslims as well as by a 12th-century Persian poet, Umar Khayyam.

In Hebrew, the name means “speaker” and is found Genesis 36:11 as the name of the son of Eliphaz.

The name may also be possibly related to the Hebrew, Omer, which means “sheaf of wheat” but was also the name of a unit of measuring in ancient times.

Omar is a popular name in Spanish-speaking countries, whether this is a leftover from Moorish occupied Spain or in reference to the Biblical Hebrew character is unknown.

As of 2010, Omar was the 54th most popular male name in Bosnia & Herzegovina. His rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • # 4 (Arab world (2011) (BabyCenter Arabia members)
  • # 4 (Pakistan)
  • # 6 (Iraq, 2007)
  • # 7 (Israel, Muslim boys, 2009)
  • # 7 (Umar, Malaysia, 2011)
  • # 8 (United Arab Emirates)
  • # 9 (Omer, Israel, Jewish intersex names (given to both boys and girls) 2008)
  • # 77 (Catalonia, 2010)
  • # 87 (Spain, 2010)
  • # 175 (United States, 2010)
  • # 252 (Netherlands, 2010)
  • # 289 (France, 2009)

Other forms include:

  • Omeri (Albanian)
  • Omer (Amharic/Kurdish)
  • Umar عمر (Arabic)
  • Omar Ома́р (Albanian/Arabic/Bosnian/Chechen/Dagestani/Kazakh/Kyrgyz/Persian/Russian/Spanish/Tajik/Tatar/Turkmen/Uzbek)
  • Ömər (Azeri)
  • Amar (Berber)
  • Úmar (Catalan)
  • Oumar/Oumarou (Sub-Saharan African)
  • Ömer (Turkish)

In France, the designated name-day for Omer is September 9.

Other notable bearers include: Egyptian born actor Omar Sharif (b.1932); Omar al-Bashir (b.1944) the president of Sudan; and American actor, Omar Epps (b. 1973).




Gender: Masculine
Origin: Arabic
Meaning: “voluntary submission to God.”

The name comes from the Arabic verbal noun meaning, “obedience, subjugation of someone or something, or the voluntary submissal to the Almighty.”

The name is technically unisex, but is more often used for males throughout the Islamic world.

As of 2010, Islam was the 14th most popular male name in Kazakhstan, (2010).

It is borne by the current president of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov (b.1938).


Gender: Masculine
Origin: Arabic أمير Амир
Meaning: “prince; commander”
The name is derived from the Arabic word for a prince, ruler, commander or admiral. In the Islamic world, it is used as an honorific title of nobility, office or someone of high eminence. The word itself is derived from the Arabic root amr meaning, “to command.”
The early Islamic caliphs used the title Amir al-Muninin meaning, “Commander of the Faithful”, a reference of their leadership over the adherants of the Islamic faith.
The title was assumed by other Islamic rulers, including sheiks and sultans throughout Central Asia all the way into Saudi Arabic.
The leader of a group of pilgrims to Mecca is often referred to as an amir.
It is used as a given name throughout the Islamic world.
As of 2010, Amir was the 20th most popular male name in Kazakhstan, (2010). His rankings in other other countries are as follows:
  • # 13 (Emir, Bosnia & Herzegovina, 2010)
  • # 28 (Emir, Turkey, 2010)
  • # 66 (Bosnia & Herzegovina, 2010)
  • # 155 (the Netherlands, 2010)
  • # 221 (France, 2009)
  • # 278 (United States, 2010)
Other forms of the name include:
  • Emir (Albanian/Bosnian/Turkish)
  • Əmir (Azeri)
  • Amirs (Latvian)
Feminine forms include, Emira (Albanian/Bosnian/Turkish) and Amira.
Amir can also be a Hebrew male אָמִיר name meaning, “tree top.”


Gender: Feminine
Origin: Arabic فاطمة
Meaning: “to abstain.”
Sp (FAH-tee-mah); Arab (FAH-TEE-MAH)

The name comes Arabic meaning “to abstain.”

It is an extremely popular name throughout the Islamic world, and is especially popular among Shia Muslims. It was borne by the daughter of the Prophet Mohammed, who was also known as Fatima Zahra (Fatima the Illustrious).

Among Muslims, she is revered as an exemplar among women.

The name is also used among Portuguese and Spanish-speaking Christians in reference to a shrine in Portugal in which the Virgin Mary is believed to have appeared. The name shares the same etymology as the town was named for a Moorish princess who converted to Christianity and was subsequently persecuted by her family.

Currently, its Turkic form of Fatma is the 3rd most popular female name in Azerbaijan, (2010). Her rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • # 1 (Fatemah, Iran, 2007)
  • # 1 (Morocco, 2007)
  • # 1 (Pakistan)
  • # 1 (United Arab Emirates)
  • # 8 (Libya
  • # 13 (Fatma, Turkey, 2010)
  • # 38 (Bosnia & Herzegovina, 2010)
  • # 71 (Catalonia, 2010)
  • # 87 (Spain, 2010)
  • # 92 (Belgium, 2009)
  • # 211 (Netherlands, 2010)
  • # 255 (France, 2009)
  • # 270 (United States, 2010)

Other forms of the name include:

  • Fatima (Albanian/Arabic/Assyrian/Bosnian/Chechen/Chuvash/Cypriot/Egyptian/Indian/Kazakh/Kyrgyz/Lebanese/Moroccan/Pashtun/Syrian/Tajik/Tatar/Urdu/Uzbek)
  • Fatma (Algerian/Azeri/Moroccan/Senegalese/Tanzanian/Turkish/Zazaki)
  • Fadime (Azeri/Kurdish/Tunisian/Turkish)
  • Fatimə (Azeri)
  • Faḍma (Berber/Kabyle)
  • Fadumo (Ethiopian)
  • Fatimah (Indonesian/Javanese/Malaysian/Swahili)
  • Fatemah فاطمه (Persian)
  • Fátima (Portuguese/Spanish)
  • Faduma (Somali)
  • Fátímọ̀ (Yoruban)
  • Fatıma (Zazaki)

Elijah, Elias

Gender: Masculine
Origin: Hebrew
Meaning: “Yahweh is God.”
Eng (ee-LIE-jah ; e-LIE-jah)
Eng (ee-LIE-us; eh-LIE-us)

The name is derived from the Biblical Hebrew, אֱלִיָּהוּ, (Eliyyahu), meaning, “Yahweh is God.”

The name is borne in the Old Testament by an extremely important prophet who is speculated to have been alive around the 9th-century C.E.

Many miraculous occurrences were attributed to him, the most spectacular being that he could raise the dead, invoke fire from the sky and it is also believed that he ascended into heaven, (body and soul), via a chariot of fire flanked by cherubs.

He is an extremely popular figure in both Judaism and Christianity.

In the New Testament, it is believed that Elijah appeared with Moses during the Transfiguration of Christ.

Elijah has always been revered as a great saint by the Eastern Orthodox Churches, and in Russia and other Slavo-Orthodox nations, Elijah has been equated as a sort of folk character: he is responsible for bad weather if angered.

In Judaism, Elijah is invoked during the weekly Havdalah, the Passover seder and during the ritual circumcision.

In the the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, it is believed that Elijah visited Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery in 1836.

Unlike other Old Testament names, Elijah has had a longer usage among Christians, going as far back as the Middle Ages. However, in Medieval England, the Middle English form of Elis, was more widely used.

In addition to the prophet Elijah, the name was also borne by at least two Catholic/Orthodox Saints.

Currently, Elijah is the 18th most popular male name in the United States, (2010). So far, this is the highest he has ranked in U.S. naming history. His rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • # 45 (Australia, 2010)
  • # 78 (Canada, B.C., 2010)
  • # 311 (the Netherlands, 2010)
  • # 427 (France, 2009)

His Hellenized counterpart of Elias, is also an up-and-comer, he is currently the # 141st most popular male name in the United States, (2010) and his rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • # 4 (Sweden, 2010)
  • # 9 (Austria, 2010)
  • # 10 (Norway, 2010)
  • # 13 (Germany, 2011)
  • # 18 (Denmark, 2010)
  • # 44 (Belgium, 2009)
  • # 119 (France, 2009)
  • # 225 (the Netherlands, 2010)

Other forms of the name include:

  • Ilyas إلياس (Arabic)
  • Ilia/Ilya Илья (Bulgarian/Old Church Slavonic/Russian)
  • Ilija Илија (Bulgarian/Croatian/Macedonian/Serbian)
  • Elies (Catalan)
  • Elijáš (Czech)
  • Elia (Dutch/Finnish/Georgian/Italian/Norwegian)
  • Eliah (English)
  • Eelis (Finnish)
  • Eljas (Finnish)
  • Élie (French)
  • Elias Ηλιας (English/Estonian/Finnish/German/Greek/Portuguese/Scandinavian)
  • Ellis/Elis (English)
  • Elija (German)
  • Elise ელისე (Georgian)
  • Eliou Ηλιου (Greek)
  • Eliyyahu/Eliyahu אֱלִיָּהוּ (Hebrew)
  • Éliás (Hungarian)
  • Illés (Hungarian)
  • Elías (Icelandic/Spanish)
  • Illyas (Indonesian)
  • Oillil (Irish-Gaelic)
  • Eliya (Kiswahili)
  • Helias (Latin: Biblical)
  • Habacus (Latin: Vulgate)
  • Elijas (Lithuanian)
  • Eliasz (Polish)
  • Ilie (Romanian)
  • Eliáš (Slovakian)
  • İlyas (Turkish)

A Romanian feminine form is Ilinca, (ee-LEEN-kah).

The name is borne by American actor, Elijah Wood (b. 1981)

The designated name days are March 24, July 20 and August 2nd.

Matthias, Mathias

Gender: Masculine
Origin: Hebrew
Meaning: “gift of yahweh.”
Eng (muh-THIGH-us); Germ/Scand (mah-TEE-ahs)

Matthias is a form of Matthew, but has been treated as a different name for centuries. He has been a staple in Central and Northern Europe, especially in Germany, the Netherlands and Scandinavia.

In the New Testament, the name was borne by the replacement of Judas Iscariot. Matthias was considered an apostle and according to legend, he went on to convert the Georgians where he died a martyr by crucifixion.

He is currently one of the most popular male names in all of Europe, his rankings are as follows:

  • # 8 Mathis (Belgium, 2008)
  • # 13 Matyáš (Czech Republic, 2009)
  • # 10 Mathias (Denmark, 2009)
  • # 8 Mattias/Mathias (Estonia, 2008)
  • # 60 Mathias (France, 2006)
  • # 71 Matthis/Mathis/Mattis/Matis (Germany, 2009)
  • # 131 Matthias (Germany, 2009)
  • # 54 Mátyás (Hungary, 2008)
  • # 31 Matthías (Iceland, 2008)
  • # 7 Mattia (Italy, 2007)
  • # 5 Mathias (Liechtenstein, 2008)
  • # 1 Matas (Lithuania, 2009)
  • # 1 Matthias (Malta, 2008)
  • # 6 Thijs (the Netherlands, 2009)
  • # 52 Ties (the Netherlands, 2009)
  • # 92 Matthijs (the Netherlands, 2009)
  • # 5 Mathias/Matias (Norway, 2009)
  • # 11 Maciej (Poland, 2008)
  • # 35 Matija (Slovenia, 2005)
  • # 90 Matjaz (Slovenia, 20o5)
  • # 97 Mattias (Sweden)
  • # 33 Mathis (Switzerland, among French-speakers, 2008)
  • # 4 Mattia (Switzerland, among Italian-speakers, 2008)
  • # 4 Mattia (Switzerland, among Romansch-speakers, 2008)

Other forms of the name include:

  • Matthias Ματθιας Матті́й (Afrikaans/English/French/German/Greek/Maltese/Scandinavian/Ukrainian)
  • Matthes (Afrikaans)
  • Mattheis (Afrikaans)
  • Matthies (Afrikaans)
  • Matta متى (Arabic)
  • Matai (Aramaic)
  • Matta/Mətta (Azeri)
  • Matia (Basque)
  • Maciej Maceй (Belarusian/Polish: MAHT-chay)
  • Matties (Catalan)
  • Matija Матија (Croatian/Serbian/Slovene)
  • Matyáš (Czech)
  • Matthijs (Dutch)
  • Thijs (Dutch: originally a diminutive form, now a very popular independent given name. TIES)
  • Ties (Dutch: originally a diminutive form, now a very popular independent given name. TEES)
  • Madis (Estonian)
  • Matias (Finnish/Portuguese)
  • Mat’at”a მატათა (Georgian)
  • Mathias (French/German/Scandinavian)
  • Mathis (French/German)
  • Matis (German)
  • Mattias (German/Swedish)
  • This (German)
  • Mathaios Ματθαιος (Greek: Biblical)
  • Makaio (Hawaiian)
  • Mattithyahu מַתִּתְיָהוּ (Hebrew)
  • Mátyás (Hungarian)
  • Maitiú (Irish-Gaelic)
  • Mattia (Italian)
  • Mathia (Kiswahili)
  • Matiass (Latvian)
  • Matas (Lithuanian)
  • Motiejus (Lithuanian)
  • Mathai (Malayalam)
  • Matius (Malay)
  • Matthia Матѳіа (Old Church Slavonic)
  • Täis (Plattdeutsch)
  • Matia (Romanian)
  • Mateias/Matteias (Romansch)
  • Teias (Romansch)
  • Tia (Romansch)
  • Tias (Romansch)
  • Maitias (Scottish-Gaelic)
  • Matia (Sardinian)
  • Maćij (Sorbian)
  • Matías (Spanish)

An obscure Feminine form is the Polish: Macieja

In France, the designated name-day is May 14.

The name has been borne by several Hungarian kings.




Gender: Masculine
Origin: Biblical
Meaning: debated

The name appears in the Old Testament as the name of the brother of Moses, (Exodus 6:16-20). Aaron was appointed by God to be the spokesperson for Moses and was also the first High Priest of the Israelites.

The name is of debated origin and meaning, many sources agree that it is of an unknown Egyptian source. It has also been linked with the Hebrew har-on meaning “exalted” or “mountain of strength” but this has often been debunked as a folk etymology.

In most of the Western World, its usage as a given name was exclusive among Jews until after the Protestant Reformation, when it became quite fashionable among Christians. Among Eastern Christians, the name has always been in usage.

The name is also popular among Muslims, in the forms of Haroun, Haron or Harun. It is borne by Harun al-Rashid, a 9th-century Caliph.

Currently, Aaron is the 50th most popular male name in the United States, (2008). His rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • # 69 (Australia, 2008)
  • # 65 (Belgium, 2008)
  • # 62 (Canada, B.C., 2008)
  • # 55  (England/Wales, 2008)
  • # 12 (Ireland, 2008)
  • # 158 (the Netherlands, 2009)
  • # 7 (Scotland, 2009)

Other forms of the name include:

  • Haroun/Haron/Harun هارون (Arabic)
  • Aaron/Aharon Аарон/Ахарон (Belarusian/Bulgarian)
  • Aihran (Breton)
  • Aaron Ααρών Ааро́н (Catalan/English/Estonian/Finnish/French/German/Greek/Romanian/Russian/Slovene/Ukrainian)
  • Aron Арон (Croatian/Danish/Norwegian/Polish/Serbian/Swedish)
  • Árón/Áron (Czech)
  • Aäron (Dutch)
  • Aharon אַהֲרֹן (Hebrew)
  • Áron (Hungarian/Slovak)
  • Aronne (Italian)
  • Aroni (Kiswahili)
  • Aaronas (Lithuanian)
  • Aarão/Arão (Portuguese)
  • Aarón (Spanish)
  • Áárọ́nì (Yoruba)

The name was borne by several Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic saints.

An obscure Spanish feminine form is Aárona.

The designated name-days are: July 1 (France/Poland).


  6. Scofield Reference Bible, Proper Names


Gender: Masculine
Origin: Hebrew
Meaning: “Yahweh is salvation.”
Eng (i-ZAY-ah)

The name is derived from the Hebrew יְשַׁעְיָהוּ (Yesha’yahu), meaning, “Yahweh is Salvation.”

In the Old Testament, it was borne by a prophet, he is considered a major and extremely important prophet among Jews and Christians. Among Jews, his prophecies are mostly interpreted to describe the coming destruction of Jerusalem, while among Christians, his prophecies are believed to foretell the coming of Christ.

The name was always prevalent among Jews and Eastern Orthodox Christians, among Western Christians, the name did not catch on until after the Protestant Reformation.

Currently, Isaiah is the 42nd most popular male name in the United States, (2008) and he is the 84th most popular in Canada, B.C., (2008).

Other forms of the name include:

  • Ash’iyā’ أشعیاء(Arabic)
  • Zaia ܙܝܥܐ (Aramaic/Assyrian/Syriac)
  • Isaiah Ісайя Иса́ия (Belarusian/Russian/Serbian/Ukrainian)
  • Isaïes (Catalan)
  • Izaija (Croatian)
  • Izaiáš/Izajáš (Czech/Slovak)
  • Esajas (Danish)
  • Jesaja (Danish/Dutch/German/Finnish/Latvian/Norwegian/Swedish)
  • Esa (Finnish)
  • Isaïe/Ésaïe (French)
  • Isaie (Fruilian)
  • Esaias Ἠσαΐας (Greek: Biblical)
  • Ikaia (Hawaiian)
  • Yəšaʿyáhu יְשַׁעְיָהוּ (Hebrew: Modern)
  • Ézsaiás/Isaiás (Hungarian)
  • Yesaya (Indonesian)
  • Isaia (Italian/Romanian)
  • Yésaya (Javanese)
  • Isaya (Kiswahili)
  • Izaijas/Ješajas (Lithuanian)
  • Izajasz (Polish)
  • Isaías (Portuguese/Spanish)
  • Isay Исай (Russian)
  • Eseia (Welsh)

In the Orthodox Church, the name-day is May 9.