Eng (JOO-lee-AH-nah); (JILL-yen; JILL-ee-EN)
The name is a feminine form of the Roman male name Iulianus, which is intern derived from Julius. Today, Julian is considered the English masculine cognate, but was used as a feminine name in Medieval England, as in the case of St. Julian of Norwich (1346-1416), an English mystic who is considered to be the first woman to have ever published a book. Though Julian remained a popular saint even after the Reformation, the name fell out of usage and was not revived until the 19th-century: as a male name. It was thereafter that Gillian and Juliana were used as the official feminine forms in the English-speaking world. Juliana has been the name of several other saints throughout Europe, and was most recently borne by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands (1909-2004).
Its Italian form of Giuliana is currently the 39th most popular female name in Argentina, (2009) and the 376th most popular in the United States, (2010). While its Central European form of Julianna is currently the 176th most popular female name in the United States, (2010).
Other forms of the name include:
- Yuliana Юлиана (Bulgarian/Russian)
- Julijana Јулијана (Croatian/Macedonian/Slovene)
- Juliana (Dutch/English/Polish/Portuguese/Slovenian/Spanish)
- Gillian (English)
- Juliane (French/German)
- Julienne (French)
- Julianna (Hungarian/Polish)
- Giuliana (Italian)
- Giulianella (Italian)
- Iuliana (Romanian)
- Uliana Ульяна (Russian/Ukrainian)