Celestine

Gender: Masculine (English); Feminine (French)
Origin: Latin
Meaning: ” of the sky; of the heavens.”
Eng (sel-es-TINE; SEL-es-tin); Fre Masc (say-les-TEN); Fre Fem (say-les-TEEN)

The name is derived from the Late Latin male name, Caelestinus, meaning, “of the sky; of the heavens.”

In English, the name was anglicized to Celestine while in French, Célestine was always strictly the feminine form, the French masculine form being, Célestin.

The name was borne by five popes.

In the English-speaking world, Celestine was seldom used, if it was ever used it was usually used for females being a borrowing from the French, though Celestine is a common male name among Nigerian Catholics.

As of 2010, Célestin was the 415th most popular male name in France, while its feminine form of Célestine was the 419th most popular female name in France.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Celestin Целестин Целестин (Asturian/Bulgarian/Romanian/Romansch/Russian/Scandinavian/Serbian/Ukrainian)
  • Celestí (Catalan)
  • Celestýn (Czech)
  • Celestijn (Dutch)
  • Celestinus (Dutch)
  • Celestine (English)
  • Célestin (French)
  • Celestino (Galician/Italian/Portuguese/Spanish)
  • Coelestin (German)
  • Cölestin (German)
  • Zölestin (German)
  • Kelestínos Κελεστίνος (Greek)
  • Celesztin (Hungarian)
  • Caelestinus (Late Latin)
  • Celestinas (Lithuanian)
  • Celestyn (Polish)
  • Celestìnu (Sardinian)
  • Celestín (Slovene)
A famous female bearer was Célestine Galli-Marié (1840–1905), a French mezzo-soprano who created the title role in the opera Carmen
La Celestina, a 15th-century literary piece written by Fernando de Rojas, is considered one of Spain’s greatest pieces of literature.
Celestina is also the name of an 18th-century literary piece written by poet, Charlotte Turner Smith.
Other feminine forms include:
  • Celestina Целестина (Czech/English/Italian/Lithuanian/Portuguese/Romanian/Romansch/Russian/Slovak/Spanish)
  • Célestine (French)
  • Cölestina (German)
  • Zölestina (German)
  • Celesztina (Hungarian)
  • Celestyna (Polish)
  • Kolestina Колестина (Russian)

Celestine is also the name of an order of Benedictine monks and it is also the name of a type of mineral.

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Raya

Gender: Feminine
Origin: Bulgarian
Meaning: “paradise.”
(RYE-yah) Рая

The name was initially a diminutive form of Rayna, but has come to be more associated with the Bulgaria word Рай (rai) meaning, “paradise.”

As of 2009, Raya was the 10th most popular female name in Bulgaria. It is also used in Armenia.

Variant transcriptions include: Raia and Raja.

Celia

Gender: Feminine
Origin: Latin
Meaning: “heaven”
Eng (SEE-lee-uh); It (CHEY-lee-ah); Sp (SEY-lee-ah; THEY-lee-ah)

The name is a feminine form of the Roman family name, Caelius, which is derived from the Latin caelum meaning, “heaven.” Alternately, it has also been suggested to be derived from the Estruscan word celi (September).

The name is found as the name of a character in William Shakespeare’s As You Like It (1599).

In the English-speaking world, it is occassionally used as a short form of Cecilia.

Currently, Celia is the 743rd most popular female name, but she is even trendier in other countries. Her rankings are as follows:

# 35 (France, 2008)
# 36 (Spain, 2010)
#49 (Belgium, 2010)
# 89 (Catalonia, 2010)

Other forms of the name include:

Caelia (Ancient Roman)
Zelia (Basque)
Cèlia (Catalan)
Célia (French/Portuguese)
Célie (French)
Zélie (French)
Silke (German/Plattdeutsch)
Silja (Frisian)

A more unusual Italian and Spanish masculine form is Celio and the Polish Celiusz.

Sources

  1. http://www.behindthename.com/name/celia
  2. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celia_(nombre)

Taivo

Gender: Masculine
Origin: Estonian
Meaning: “heaven; sky.”
(TAHEE-vo)

The name is derived from the Estonian taevas (heaven; sky); Old Estonian, taivas (heaven; sky).

The designated name-day is May 17.

Sources

  1. http://www.fredonia.edu/faculty/emeritus/EdwinLawson/estoniannames/index.html
  2. http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Taivo
  3. http://www.behindthename.com/namedays/lists/est.php
  4. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.idigitalemotion.com/tutorials/guest/stellar/sky.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.idigitalemotion.com/tutorials/guest/stellar/stellar.html&usg=__b9Zm3sfivTRYP9hRr3IGpIzqtnM=&h=1150&w=1536&sz=403&hl=en&start=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=CQeunT_AwvZbrM:&tbnh=112&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dsky%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26tbs%3Disch:1

Céline

celine-dionGender: Feminine
Origin: French
Meaning: “heaven.”
Fr (SAY-leen); Eng (seh-LEEN).

The name is a French feminine form of the Old Roman family name Caelinus which is related to the Latin Caelius meaning “heaven.” In this case the name Celia is related.

It is also sometimes considered a contraction of Marcéline.

The name has always been prevalent in French speaking countries and has become common in non Francophone countries as well.

In Belgium it was the 99th most popular female name in 2003, in France she came in at # 97 in 2002. In the Netherlands she came in # 272 in 2008, while in Norway she came in at # 51 in 2007. In the United States she recently fell out of the top 1000, in 2007 she came in at # 995. The name is borne by Canadian singer Celine Dion. Other forms of the name include:

  • Caelina (Latin)
  • Celina (Italian: pronounced chay-LEE-nah. There is also a masculine form: Celino)
  • Celina/Celine (Norwegian: seh-LEE-nah; seh-LEE-nε).
  • Celina (Polish: pronounced tseh-LEE-nah)

The designated name-day in France is October 21.

Palatine, Palatyne, Palestine, Kestenn

Gender: Female
Origin: French/Celtic
Meaning: debated
Pronunciation French (pah-lah-TEEN); English (pal-uh-TINE)

The name is found in French folklore as the name of the daughter of Pressyne and Elynas, and the sister of Mélusine.

Palatine was cursed by her mother to be locked in the Aragonese mountains with her father’s treasures, accompanied by a bear and serpent. Only a knight could free her and save her, on the condition that he be of the same bloodline as her father’s.

Throughout the years, many knights did just that, but had failed. However, a knight of King Arthur’s court, and the relative of Tristan, decided to climb the mountain and free the princess. He had to scale a mountain covered in venemous snakes, and then face the bear that guarded the entrance to the cave, all of which he killed. Finally he was able to enter the cave, but within the first chamber was a large serpent with one eye. The snake swallowed him up, and the knight was defeated in his quest, because, as it turned out, he was not of the right lineage.

Years later, Geoffrey-with-the-great-tooth, the nephew of Palatyne, had spent his life saving time, money and energy to rescue his aunt. However, he grew old, and died before he was able to commence his quest, and it is said that till this day, Palatyne still awaits within her mountain top for the right knight of the right lineage to free her. http://www.encylopediamythica.com

This is also the name of one of the 7 hills of Rome, a location which has its own legends.

In Ancient Roman folklore, the Palatine is where the Lupercal cave is to be found, the cave where Romulus and Remus were rescued and milked by a wolf. Another legend holds that Hercules defeated the monster Cacus, on the same hill.

The etymology of the name is debated, whether the fairy Palatyne and the name of the hill are related is not proven, but very possible. The fact that both legends contain a mountain top or hill top as their focal point makes it plausible.

According to the Roman historian Livy (59 BC-Ad 17), the hill got its name from the Arcadian settlement of pallatium, which is derived from the Latin palatum meaning “palate.” According to another ancient source, Ennius, the name is derived from an Etruscan word meaning “sky” or “heavens.” The term palace gets its name from the Palatine hill.

Other sources point its etymology to a Breton source, it is suggested that Palatine, (or Palestine in some instances), is a medieval French corruption of the Breton Bac’h C’hesten, bac’h means “cell; unit” and c’hesten means “hive; beehive.” Hence “hive pupa.” This is supported by the fact that in the legend, Palatine is an enclosed in a cell in the mountains like a bee in a beehive.

The name was borne by an early Christian martyr, Saint Palatino, and its masculine form is still in usage in Italy today. There is also a more obscure feminine version of Palatina.

Another French form is Palestine (pah-le-STEEN), and a possible Breton form is Kestenn.