- Origin: Greek Φαίδρα
- Meaning: “bright.”
- Gender: feminine
- Pronunciation: Eng (FAY-drah, FYE-drah, FEED-rah)
The name comes directly from the Greek word φαιδρός meaning, “bright.”
It is borne in Greek mythology by the sister of Ariadne and the wife of Theseus. There are several versions of her tragic tale, one is that Aphrodite drove Phaedra to fall madly in love with the latter’s step-son, Hippolytus who rejects Phaedra, and in retaliation, Phaedra claims that Hippolytus attempted to rape her. Theseus who was granted 3 wishes by Poseidon wishes his own’s son death by having Poseidon summon 3 bulls from the sea who subsequently dragged Hippolytus to death. In another version of the tale, Phaedra falls in love with Hippolytus of her own free-will but he rejects her, and the story follows the same sequence of events as above.
The story was retold by Ovid and Senece the Younger and later became the popular subject of plays throughout Europe.
In England and France, the name became more widespread after its use in Jean Racine’s 1677 play, Phèdre and later Algernon Charles Swinborn’s1866 play, Phaedra. Friedrich Schiller also wrote a play and recently it was the subject of the opera written by German playwrite, Hans Werner Henze.
It is also another name for the plant, Bernardia, as well as the name of a genus of butterfly and an asteroid.
In France, Phèdre is a unisex name as it is a translation of both Phaedra & Phaedrus.
Phaedra appeared in the Top 100 Most Popular Female Names in Belgium, ranking in at #87 in 1997.
A masculine form is Phaedrus and Phaidros.
Forms and use include:
- Fedra Федра (Catalan, Corsican, Italian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Slovene, Spanish, Ukrainian)
- Faidra (Czech, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovakian, Swedish)
- Fædra (Danish)
- Phaedra (Dutch, English, Latin)
- Phèdre (French)
- Phaidra Φαίδρα (German, Greek)
- Phädra (German)