Gender: Feminine
Origin: Portuguese/Spanish
Meaning: “emerald.”

The name comes directly from the Spanish and Portuguese word for emerald and has been in usage since Medieval times. Among the Christians of the Middle Ages, it represented St. John the Apostle.

It was used by Victor Hugo as the name of one of the key characters in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831).

It is also the name of a genus of orchid.

Currently, Esmeralda is the 283rd most popular female name in the United States, (2010).

Other forms of the name include:

  • Zümrüd (Azeri)
  • Smaragda (Belarusian/Bosnian/Bulgarian/Croatian/Greek/Lithuanian/MacedonianSerbian/Slovene)
  • Maragda (Catalan)
  • Esmeralda (Czech/English/Icelandic/Ladino/Latvian/Polish/Swedish)
  • Smeraldina (Czech)
  • Émeraude (French)
  • Esmeralde (French)
  • Eszmeralda (Hungarian)
  • Smeralda (Italian)
  • Smaralda (Romanian)
  • Zümrüt (Turkish)

Diminutives include:

  • Esminka (Czech)
  • Mera (Czech)
  • Esme (English)
  • Essie (English)

Masculine forms include:

  • Esmeraldo (Italian)
  • Smeraldo (Italian)
  • Smaragds (Latvian)
  • Smaragdas (Lithuanian)
  • Szmaragd (Polish)