Adonis, Adonija, Adonise

Adonis is borne in Greek mythology by the god of beauty and desire. According to the most popular myth, he was born of the incestuous union of Theias and his daughter Myrrha. Myrrha had tricked her own father into having sex with her. The gods transformed Myrrha into a myrrh tree after Theias attempted to kill her whilst pregnant with Adonis. Adonis was beloved of Aphrodite and mothered by Persephone, but he was subsequently killed by a boar when Artemis, or in some versions, Ares, sent a boar to kill Adonis out of jealousy. When Adonis died, Aphrodite cried tears which mingled with Adonis’ blood, producing the Anemone flower. Aphrodite instituted the Adonia festival in his commemoration, whereby all women had a mass mock funeral of Adonis by growing plants in potsherds on their rooftops and performing a mass funeral ritual as soon as the plants sprouted.

It is likely Adonis was imported by the Greeks from the Phoenicians, the latter being the descendants of the Sumerians, Mesopotamians & Babylonians. It is believed by most scholars that Adonis is an adaptation of the Sumerian story of Dumuzid & Inanna (later Tammuz & Ishtar), in which a ritual funeral rite was also performed by women across the former Babylonian empire. Adonis itself is a Hellenized form of the Canaanite, adon, which means “lord” and was often used as an appellation by the Canaanites for the god Tammuz. The Jews adopted this appellation for Yahweh in the form of Adonai (my lord).

Adonis is borne by an 8th-century French saint of Vienne. He is also listed as Adon & Ado. Adonis has sporadically been used as a given-name in Greece, anglophone, francophone & hispanophone countries. The French feminine off-shoots, though rare these days, are Adonise (AH-do-NEEZ) and Adonie, and were actually prevalent in 18th-centurry Quebec & New Orleans. An obscure Italian feminine form is Adonella.

There is the male Biblical Hebrew name, Adonijah meaning (my lord is Yahweh). It is borne by a son of King David and was Hellenized in the Septuagint as Adonias.

Other forms include:

  • Adonies (Catalan)
  • Adonia (Dutch, Italian, Swedish)
  • Adonija Адония (French, German, Russian)
  • Adonias Αδωνίας (French, Greek, Portuguese)
  • Adonías (Galician)
  • Adonja (Norwegian)
  • Adoniasz (Polish)
  • Adonías (Spanish)
  • Adoniya Адонія (Ukrainian)

Currently, Adonis is the 242nd most popular male name in the United States and the 461st most popular in France.

Other forms include:

  • Adonisi ადონისი (Albanian, Georgian)
  • Adonis Адонис Адоніс Άδωνις Ադոնիս (Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Dutch, English, Estonian, French, Macedonian, German, Greek, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Scandinavian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Turkish)
  • Adónis Адо́ніс (Belarusian, Continental-Portuguese, Czech, Slovak)
  • Adó (Catalan)
  • Adónisz (Hungarian)
  • Adone, Adon (Italian)
  • Adônis (Brazilian-Portuguese)
  • Adón (Spanish)


Polish & French Nature Names


Lithuanian ForestHere is my second list of Polish and French nature names. Please keep in mind that many of these are hypothetical. I would be honored if someone actually found inspirations and used these on their children. What do you think? Hypothetical names will have an asterisk. Names with no asterisk actually have a history of use. Also be advised that names whose meanings are obvious will not have their meaning in parenthesis.


  • Abeille (bee, a-BAY)
  • Achillée (yarrow)
  • Adansonie** (baobob)
  • Adiante** (maidenhair)
  • Amarelle** (type of cherry)
  • Amèrise** (wild cherry)
  • Anagallis** (pimpernel)
  • Aralie (aralia)
  • Ardoise** (slate)
  • Armérie/Statice  ** (sea-pink)
  • Aronde** (swallow)
  • Aube (dawn)
  • Aubépine (hawthorn)
  • Balsamine (balsam/balm)
  • Belladone
  • Bergamote
  • Bluette (blueberry)
  • Brebis** (ewe)
  • Brume/Brumeuse** (mist/misty)
  • Bruyère (heather)
  • Cannelle (cinnamon)
  • Capucine (nasturtium)
  • Cardamome ** (cardamom)
  • Cascade**
  • Cascavelle** (jequirity)
  • Cenelle** (hawthorn berry)
  • Chanson** (song)
  • Chênette** (white dryad)
  • Cinabre** (cinnabar)
  • Colibrie** (hummingbird)
  • Cornaline** (carnelian)
  • Coquille** (seashell)
  • Crécerelle** (kestrel)
  • Dauphine (dolphin)
  • Dune
  • Éclaire** (lightning)
  • Épicéa/Épinette** (spruce)
  • Élodée ** (pondweed)
  • Ensoleillée** (sunny)
  • Érable** (maple)
  • Étoile (star)
  • Faune (fauna)
  • Galaxie**
  • Galène** (galena)
  • Ganteline ** (dane’s blood)
  • Garance (madder)
  • Gazanie** (gazania)
  • Gelée** (frost)
  • Glaïeule** (gladiolus)
  • Guirlande** (garland)
  • Glycine** (wisteria)
  • Griotte** (sour cherry)
  • Hottonie** (water-violet)
  • Ipomée** (morning glory)
  • Isatis (artic fox, EE-zah-TEEZ)
  • Ivoire** (ivory)
  • Jaspe** (jasper)
  • Lavande (lavender)
  • Lilas (lilac)
  • Linaigrette** (cottongrass)
  • Linotte** (linnet)
  • Liseron (morning glory)
  • Luciole (firefly)
  • Marasque** (maraschino cherry)
  • Marée** (tide)
  • Mélèze** (larch)
  • Menthe (mint)
  • Mirabelle (mirabelle plum)
  • Mûre ** (blackberry)
  • Myrrhe**
  • Myrtille (bilberry)
  • Nachi** (asian pear)
  • Narthécie** (bog bean)
  • Neige (snow)
  • Nerprune** (buckthorn)
  • Nivéole**(lily-of-the-valley)
  • Noisette (hazelnut)
  • Obsidienne** (obsidian)
  • Orchidée (orchid)
  • Oseille** (sorrel)
  • Perce-neige** (snowdrop)
  • Pervenche (periwinkle)
  • Péridot/Péridotte **
  • Pétale**
  • Phalène** (moth)
  • Pivoine (peony)
  • Plume (feather)
  • Poème** (poem)
  • Poésie** (poetry)
  • Pruche ** (spruce tree; PREUSH; Cajun French)
  • Prune (plum)
  • Raiponce (rampion)
  • Réglisse (licorice)
  • Renarde (vixen)
  • Renoncule** (buttercup)
  • Roncière (bramble)
  • Rossignole** (nightingale)
  • Rue**
  • Sable** (sand)
  • Sabline** (sandwort)
  • Sagittaire** (katniss)
  • Sainfoine ** (french honeysuckle)
  • Saison** (season)
  • Sansonnette** (starling)
  • Soirée** (evening)
  • Soleirole** (angel’s tears)
  • Solstice**
  • Térébinthe** (terebinth)
  • Terre ** (land, earth)
  • Trésore** (treasure)
  • Tulipe (tulip)
  • Umé ** (asian plum)
  • Vague** (wave)
  • Valériane
  • Vanille (vanilla)
  • Vergerette** (fleabane)
  • Viorne** (viburnum)
  • Vipérine ** (viper’s bugloss)
  • Zibeline** (sable)


  • Acier** (steel)
  • Blaireau** (badger)
  • Brin ** (blade of grass)
  • Champ ** (field)
  • Charbon** (coal)
  • Chardon** (thistle)
  • Corbeau** (crow, raven)
  • Coton** (cotton)
  • Daim** (buck)
  • Dard** (sting)
  • Glouton** (wolverine)
  • Gui** (mistletoe)
  • Gryf** (griffin)
  • Houblon** (hop)
  • Houx** (holly; HOO)
  • Jais** (jet, ZHAY)
  • Macis ** (mace)
  • Mercure (mercury)
  • Milan (kite)
  • Moisson** (harvest)
  • Nord** (north)
  • Ours (bear)
  • Pin** (pine)
  • Pré ** (field)
  • Récif** (reef)
  • Renard (fox)
  • Requin** (shark)
  • Saumon ** (salmon)
  • Terrain** (field, terrain)
  • Turquoise**
  • Vallon** (glen)


  • Coriandre** (coriander)
  • Piaf ** (sparrow)


  • Alstremeria** (inca lily)
  • Ałycza** (cherry plum (ah-WITCH-chah)
  • Bąbela** (honeycomb, BONE-beh-lah)
  • Bawełna** (cotton, bah-VEU-nah)
  • Bergamota**
  • Biała (white; BYOW-wah; medieval name)
  • Borówka (blueberry)
  • Bryza ** (breeze)
  • Czapla** (heron, CHAP-lah)
  • Czeremcha** (bird cherry, cheh-REM-hah)
  • Cynia** (zinnia)
  • Dąbrówka (bugle flower, dome-BROOF-kah)
  • Delfina (dolphin)
  • Dolina** (valley; glen)
  • Fala (wave)
  • Firtletka** (flower of Bristol)
  • Fuksja ** (fuchsia)
  • Glicynia** (wisteria)
  • Glina ** (clay)
  • Grusza** (pear, GROO-shah)
  • Jara (poetic word for the month of spring, YAH-rah)
  • Jasna (clear, YAHS-nah)
  • Jemioła** (mistletoe)
  • Jeziora** (shore)
  • Jeżyna (bramble, yeh-ZHIH-nah)
  • Jutrzenka (aurora, morning star, venus, yoot-JANE-kah)
  • Kalina (viburnum)
  • Kaskada ** (cascade)
  • Kolendra** (coriander)
  • Kolibra** (hummingbird_
  • Koniczyna** (clover, KOH-nich-CHIN-nah)
  • Ketmia ** (hibiscus)
  • Konwalia ** (lily-of-the-valley).
  • Łąka** (meadow, WONE-kah)
  • Łania** (doe, WAHN-yah)
  • Lawenda** (lavender)
  • Lepnica** (notthingham catchfly)
  • Lilak** (lilac)
  • Lonicera** (honeysuckle)
  • Malina (raspberry)
  • Marzanna (madder; mar-ZHAHN-neh-nah)
  • Mięta** (mint)
  • Moczarka** (pondweed, mo-CHAR-kah)
  • Morela (abricot)
  • Muszla** (seashell, MOOSH-lah)
  • Niezapominajka** (forget-me-not; NYEZ-ah-PO-mee-NYE-kah)
  • Olsza ** (alder tree, OLE-shah)
  • Ostróżka** (larkspur, o-STROOSH-kah)
  • Ożyna** (blackberry, oh-ZHIN-nah)
  • Pietruszka** (parsley)
  • Piosenka** (song)
  • Piwonia** (peony)
  • Poezja** (poetry)
  • Pola (fields, meadows)
  • Pszczoła (bee; PSHCHOH-wah; medieval name, used as a vernacular form of Deborah)
  • Przyroda** (wildlife, pshih-ROH-dah)
  • Rafa (reef)
  • Rana ** (morning)
  • Rosiczka ** (sundew)
  • Roślina** (plant; roshe-LEE-nah)
  • Różana** (pink, roo-ZHAH-nah)
  • Ruta (rue)
  • Sasanka** (pasque-flower; anemone)
  • Solanka** (brine)
  • Sosna ** (pine)
  • Ślęzawa ** (mallow wart, shlen-ZAH-vah)
  • Śliwka (plum, SHLEEF-kah)
  • Śnieguła ** (snow bunting, snowflake, shnyeh-GOO-wah)
  • Śnieżyca** (lily-of-the-valley, shnyeh-JIT-sah)
  • Świrzepa** (bastard cabbage, shvee-ZHE-pah)
  • Sójka** (blue jay, SOY-kah)
  • Szarówka** (dusk; shah-ROOF-kah)
  • Tęcza** (rainbow, TEN-chah)
  • Ulewa ** (downpour, oo-LEH-vah)
  • Walerianna (valerian; VAH-lare-ee-AHN-neh-nah)
  • Wichura** (gale, vee-HOO-rah)
  • Wełnianka** (cottongrass)
  • Werbena**
  • Wilga** (oriole; VEEL-ga)
  • Wydma** (dune, VID-mah)
  • Zarośla** (thicket; zah-ROSHE-lah)
  • Zerwa** (rampion, ZARE-vah)
  • Ziemia** (land, earth; ZYEH-myah)
  • Żniwa** (ZHNEE-vah)
  • Żurawka** (alumroot, zhoo-RAHF-kah)
  • Życica** (rye-grass, zhi-TSEET-sah)


  • Bagno** (fen)
  • Baran** (ram)
  • Borsuk** (badger)
  • Buk** (beech)
  • Chmiel** (hop)
  • Dąb** (oak, DOMP)
  • Drzewko** (sapling, JEF-ko)
  • Gagat** (jet)
  • Grom (thunderclap; medieval name)
  • Huk** (thunder)
  • Jawor ** (sycamore)
  • Karneol** (carnelian)
  • Kobalt**
  • Klon** (maple)
  • Kruk (crow) – medieval name
  • Kwarc** (quartz)
  • Lasek** (grove)
  • Las** (forest)
  • Len** (flax)
  • Lew (lion; LEV)
  • Lis** (fox)
  • Łupek ** (slate, WOO-pek)
  • Miedź** (copper, MYEDGE)
  • Miki** (mica)
  • Modrzew** (larch, MODE-jev)
  • Mróz** (frost, MROOZ)
  • Niedźwiedź (bear; NYEDGE-vyedge) -this was used in Medieval Times, now obsolete
  • Nikiel** (nickel)
  • Obsydian** (obsidian)
  • Piolun (absinthe tree)
  • Piorun (lightning; PYO-roon; name of a Slavic god, medieval name)
  • Potok** (stream)
  • Rekin** (shark)
  • Rosomak** (wolverine)
  • Rtęć** (mercury, rTENCH)
  • Turkus** (turquoise)
  • Skarb (treasure)
  • Skowronek** (skylark, sko-VRONE-nek)
  • Słowik ** (nightengale)
  • Świt** (dawn; SHVEET)
  • Szron** (hoarfrost, SHRONE)
  • Wieczór** (evening; VYET-choor)
  • Wróbel ** (sparrow, VROO-bel)
  • Żar ** (flame, ZHAR)

Emmeline, Emeline

Gender: Feminine
Origin: French
Eng (EM-me-Line; Em-me-LEEN; EM-me-LIN); Fre (ey-meh-LEEN)

The name was originally a diminutive form of the Germanic, Amelia, but has been used as an independent given name since the Middle Ages. It was introduced into England via the Normans and she has had plenty of usage among English-speakers since.

In the English-speaking world, she has appeared as Emaline, Emmaline, Emmeline and Emoline.

Its French form of Emeline seems to have been most common in Maine and New France, appearing in the Census records as early as the 1860s. The highest she ever ranked was in 1886 coming in as the 476th most popular female name in the United States, while Emmaline was at one time the 449th most popular female name back in 1880.

As of 2010, Émeline was the 190th most popular female name in France.

Emmeline is the eponymous heroine of two novels, the modern classic, Emmeline by Judith Rossner (1980) brings to life a legendary figure in Maine lore. It is a modern story of Oedipidus, recounting the tragic tale of a girl named Emmeline who gives birth to an illegitimate child in her teens, gives him away, and ends up unwittingly falling in love and marrying him many years later. An opera of the same name by Tobias Picker was based on the novel.

Emmeline is the name of another eponymous heroin, the first novel written by Charlotte Turner Smith. Emmeline, The Orphan of the Castle (18th-century) is a contemporary take on the Cinderalla story set in 18th-century England.

The name also appears in the Anne of Green Gables series by Lucy Maud Montgomery and J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series as the names of minor characters.

Recently, Emaline was the subject of a Ben Folds’ song.

Notable bearers include:

  • St. Emeline, a 10th-century French saint, nun and hermit.
  • Lady Emmeline Stuart-Wortley (1806-1855) a British poet.
  • Emmeline B. Wells (1828-1921), an American suffragette and diarist, it should be noted that her mother had quite an interesting name, Deiadema.
  • Emeline Piggott (1836-1919) was a famous Confederate spy from North Carolina.
  • Emeline Roberts Jones (circ. 19th-century) was the first woman ever to have practiced dentistry in the United States.
  • Emmeline Pankhurst (1859-1928), leader of the British Suffragette movement.
  • Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence, Baroness Pethick-Lawrence (1867-1958) another British womens’ rights activist.
  • Emmeline Lott, an 18th-century British author who wrote of her life as a nanny in the Middle East.
  • Emeline Meaker (d.1883) was the first woman ever to have been tried and executed in Vermont, for the murder of her husband.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Amelina (Old High German)
  • Emeline (English)
  • Emmeline (English)
  • Émeline (French)
  • Emelina (Spanish)


Gender: Feminine
Origin: French
Meaning: “tradewind.”
Fre (ah-leey-ZAY)

The name is a feminine form of alizé, which is a French term used to describe the trade winds. The root of the word is derived from the Latin plural dative, alis, meaning, “a wing.”

Since 2009, she has jumped 23 spots coming in as the 205th most popular female name in France, (2010). Corsican pop-singer, Alizée Jacotey may have helped propel this name to popularity.

Though obscure before the 20th-century, the name has appeared before, she occurs in the U.S. and Canadian census records as early as the 1860s in Quebec, Canada and Louisiana.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Alisea (Corsican/Italian)
  • Alisia (Galician/Spanish)

It should be noted that Alizé is also the name of an alcoholic beverage.

Alizée may make a cool and subtle appellation for a November baby as the trade winds are strongest during this month.

Gabriel, Gabriella

Origin: Hebrew גַבְרִיאֵל  Γαβριηλ
Meaning: “strong man of God.”
Eng (GABE-ree-el); (gah-bree-EL-ah); Fre (gah-bree-EL); Germ (GAHP-ree-el); Pol (GAHP-ryel)

The name is derived from the Biblical Hebrew, גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri-el) meaning, “strong man of God.”

In Judeo-Christian religions, it is the name of a powerful archangel, who is often viewed as a messenger of God. He appears several times in the Old and New Testaments.

Among Christians, one of his most important messages was relayed to the Virgin Mary that she would be the mother of Jesus. Islamic tradition also believes the same, and in Islam, it was the angel Gabriel who revealed the Qu’ran, (through God), to Mohammed.

In Mormon theology, Gabriel is believed to be the embodiment of Noah in the afterlife.

Gabriel is a fairly common name among Christians, Jews and Muslims, making him an extremely cross-cultural portable name.

Currently, in the United States, his popularity has been rising. He is the 24th most popular male name, (2011). In other countries, his rankings in all his various forms are as follows:

  • # 2 (Gabriel(e), Liechtenstein, 2010)
  • # 3 (Brazil, 2011)
  • # 4 (Romania, 2009)
  • # 6 (Gabriele, Italy, 2009)
  • # 7 (France, 2010)
  • # 9 (Quebec, Canada, 2011)
  • # 19 (Croatia, 2009)
  • # 26 (Belgium, 2008)
  • # 28 (Canada, BC, 2010)
  • # 28 (Mexico, 2010)
  • # 29 (Austria, 2010)
  • # 35 (Spain, 2010)
  • # 40 (Poland, 2009)
  • # 47 (Sweden, 2011)
  • # 48 (Norway, 2011)
  • # 52 (Catalonia, 2010)
  • # 78 (England/Wales, 2010)
  • # 95 (Australia, NSW, 2011)
  • # 124 (Scotland, 2010)
  • # 189 (Djibril, France, 2010)
  • # 313 (Jibril, France, 2010)

Other forms of the name include:

  • Jibrail/Jibrīl جبرائيل ጂብሪል (Arabic/Ethiopian)
  • Gabriel გაბრიელი ገብርኤል
  • Gavrik (Armenian)
  • Cəbrayıl/Cibril (Azeri)
  • Gawryil Гаўрыіл (Belarusian)
  • Džibril/Džebrail (Bosnian)
  • Gavrail Гавраил (Bulgarian)
  • Zheberejil Жәбірейіл (Central Asian)
  • Gabrijel (Croatian/Maltese/Serbian)
  • Gabriël (Dutch)
  • Gaabriel (Estonian)
  • Gabrel (Ethiopian)
  • Kaapo/Kaapro (Finnish)
  • Gabriél Γαβριήλ (Greek)
  • Gavril Γαβριηλ (Greek)
  • Gavriel גַּבְרִיאֵל (Hebrew)
  • Gábriel (Hungarian)
  • Gábor (Hungarian)
  • Gabríel (Icelandic)
  • Jibril (Indonesian)
  • Gaibriéil (Irish-Gaelic)
  • Gabo/Gabbo (Italian)
  • Gabriele (Italian: more common form)
  • Gabriellino (Italian)
  • Gabriello (Italian)
  • Gabrio (Italian)
  • Cibrayîl (Kurdish)
  • Gabrielus (Latin)
  • Gabriels (Latvian)
  • Gabrielius (Lithuanian)
  • Jibrail (Malaysian)
  • Gavriilu Гаврїилъ (Old Church Slavonic)
  • Khabbriele (Puglian)
  • Gabin (Provençal)
  • Gavril Гавриил (Romanian/Russian)
  • Crabiele/Gabilele/Gabriello (Sardinian)
  • Cabbrieli (Sicilian)
  • Gabri’el ܠܒܪܝܐܝܠ (Syrian)
  • Gebrael (Syrian)
  • Cebrâîl (Turkish)
  • Gavrel גַאבְֿרֶעל (Yiddish)

English short form is Gabe.

Its feminine form of Gabriella/Gabriela is also rising in popularity. Currently, Gabriella is the 34th most popular female name in the United States, (2011). Her rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • # 3 (Gabriela, Bulgaria, 2009)
  • # 5 (Gabrielė, Lithuania, 2011)
  • # 5 (Gabrielle, Philippines, 2011)
  • # 7 (Gabriela, Columbia, 2011)
  • # 8 (Gabriela, Romania, 2009)
  • # 9 (Gabriela, Puerto Rico, 2011)
  • # 10 (Gabriela, Brazil, 2010)
  • # 13 (Gabriela, Poland, Warsaw, 2010)
  • # 19 (Gabriela, Poland, 2009)
  • # 28 (Gabrijela, Croatia, 2009)
  • # 30 (Gabriela, Mexico, 2010)
  • # 30 (Gabrielly, Brazil, 2010)
  • # 36 (Gabriela, Croatia, 2009)
  • # 38 (Gabriela, Chile, 2010)
  • # 64 (Australia, NSW, 2011)
  • # 64 (Gabriela, Spain, 2010)
  • # 67 (Gabrielle, France, 2010)
  • # 72 (Canada, BC, 2010)
  • # 94 (Gabrielle, Canada, BC, 2010)
  • # 119 (Gabrielle, United States, 2011)
  • # 466 (France, 2010)

Other feminine forms include:

  • Gebre’elwa ገብርኤሏ (Amharic/Ethiopian)
  • Gabriela (Bulgarian/Croatian/Czech/German/Polish/Portuguese/Romanian/Scandinavian/Slovak/Spanish)
  • Brielle (Cajun: abbreviated form of Gabrielle)
  • Gabrijela (Croatian/Serbian)
  • Gabriëlle (Dutch)
  • Briella/Briela (English)
  • Gabrielle (French/English)
  • Gabria (Italian)
  • Gabrielina (Italian)
  • Gabriella (Italian/English/Hungarian/Scandinavian: more common form in Italy)
  • Gabrielė (Lithuanian)
  • Gavriila Гавриила (Russian)

Czech diminutives are: Gába, Gabika, Gábina, Gabrina and Gabby.

A Polish diminutive is Gabrysia (gah-BRIH-shah).

English short forms are: Gabby and Ella.

Designated name-days are: February 10/27 (Poland), February 19 (Sweden), March 24 (Czech/Finland/Poland/Slovakia/Sweden), September 29 (France/Germany), December 12 (Hungary)

Orlane, Orlean(n)a

Gender: Feminine
Origin: French/Cajun/Creole
Meaning: unknown
Fre (ore-LAHN); Eng (ore-lay-AH-nah; ore-lee-AN-nuh)

The name is of uncertain meaning, but has deep roots in the American South. In the form of Orleana, she appears in the U.S. Census records as early as the 18th-century and seems to have been particularly common in North Carolina, and she has even been found in the French colonies of the Caribbean.

There are a few theories as to her origins, but none are exactly conclusive. She was most likely introduced by French Huguenots of the Carolinas, and was even used by Cajun and Creole Catholics of Louisiana. I personally believe the most likely origin is that she is a feminization of the name of the city in France, Orléans, possibly originally used by French-American ex-patriots to honour the city of their birth.

Another theory is that she is a corruption of Rolande, or a franconization of the Italian, Orlan(d)a.

Orleanna is the name of a major character in the contemporary American classic, The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver.

As of 2010, Orlane appeared in the French top 500, coming in as the 251st most popular female name. Her recent appearance may have to due with the fame of West Indian singer, known simply as Orlane.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Orlean(n)a (Anglo-French/Cajun/Creole)
  • Orlena (Anglo-French/Cajun/Creole: ore-LAY-nuh)
  • Orlina/Orline (Anglo-French/Cajun/Creole)
  • Orlane (Cajun/Creole/French)
  • Orlana (Italian)


Gender: Masculine
Origin: French

One of the most common French male composition names, it was originally bestowed in honour of St. John the Baptiste.

As of 2009, Jean-Baptiste was the 335th most popular male name in France.

Notable bearers include: American French-born Explorer, Jean-Baptiste Charbonneau (1805-1866); this was also the given name of Molière, born Jean-Baptiste Poquelin (1622-1673).

Other forms of the name include:

  • Johann Baptist (German)
  • Giambattista (Italian)
  • Gianbattista (Italian)
  • Giovanbattista (Italian)

Oliver, Olivier

Gender: Masculine
Origin: debated
Meaning: debated
Eng (AHL-ih-VER); Fre (oh-LEE-vyay)

This name has a very interesting past. Its origins and meaning are debated, despite its obvious similarity with the word “olive”, many sources believe that is is either derived from one or two Old Norse names, Alfihar or OleifrAlfihar meaning “elf army” or Oleifr meaning “ancestral relic,” while other sources argue that it is indeed related to the Latin word oliverus meaning “olive tree.”

The name first appears in the French epic poem, Le Chanson de Roland. Olivier is the one of the better retainers of Roland. The name was introduced into England by the Normans and was consequently anglicized as Oliver.

The name has been in and out of usage in the English-speaking world since the Middle Ages. There was a time in England when the name went out of favor due to the bloody exploits of Oliver Cromwell. It was revived in the 19th-century due to Dicken’s lovable orphaned character of Oliver Twist.

In recent years, the name has seemed to go through a revival in both the United States and the United Kingdom. In 1979, Oliver ranked in at # 396 for the most popular male names in the United States, in 2010, however, he cracked into the top 100, making it all the way up to # 88. No doubt thanks to the popularity of its seemingly feminine form of Olivia.

As of 2010, he was the most popular male name in England/Wales. His rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • # 3 (Australia, NSW, 2010)
  • # 3 (New Zealand, 2010)
  • # 6 (Norway, 2010)
  • # 7 (Sweden, 2010)
  • # 8 (Scotland, 2010)
  • # 9 (Denmark, 2010)
  • # 10 (Finland, 2011)
  • # 12 (Ólafur, Iceland, 2010)
  • # 16 (Northern Ireland, 2010)
  • # 23 (Canada, BC, 2010)
  • # 25 (Oliwier, Poland, 2009)
  • # 38 (Olivér, Hungary, 2010)
  • # 48 (Óliver, Iceland, 2010)
  • # 51 (Austria, 2010)
  • # 52 (Ireland, 2010)
  • # 55 (Olivier, Netherlands, 2010)
  • # 86 (Spain, 2010)
  • # 269 (Netherlands, 2010)
  • # 305 (Olivier, France, 2009)

The name is used throughout continental Europe. Its French form of Olivier is still fairly common in France and it is occassionally found in the Bayous of Louisiana among Cajun families, along with its lovely accented drawled out pronunciation of (oh-LIV-ee-AY).

In Poland it is rendered as Oliwer pronounced the same way as in English though the final R is rolled. In Iceland the popular male name of Olafur may be related. Pronounced (OH-lahf-ER), it has a feminine form of Olafia (OH-lah-FEE-ah).

Popular English nicknames are Ollie and the less common Noll.

Its designated name day is July 12.

Other forms include:

  • Olivier (Afrikaans/Dutch/French/Frisian)
  • Oliver Оливер (Croatian/Czech/Dutch/English/Estonian/Finnish/German/Hungarian/Macedonian/Portuguese/Russian/Serbian/Slovak/Spanish)
  • Fier (Dutch: originally a diminutive form, used as an independent given name)
  • Oluvier (Dutch)
  • Olivur (Faroese)
  • Ólivar (Faroese)
  • Olivér (Hungarian)
  • Ólafur (Icelandic)
  • Óliver (Icelandic)
  • Ólíver (Icelandic)
  • Oilibhéar (Irish)
  • Oliviero (Italian)
  • Olivarius/Oliverus (Latin)
  • Alfher (Old High German)
  • Áleifr (Old Norse)
  • Oliwer/Oliwier (Polish)
  • Oliwir/Olwer/Olwir (Polish: obscure)
  • Oliveiros (Portuguese)
  • Olaghair (Scottish)
  • Oilbhreis (Scottish)


Gender: Masculine
Origin: Greek
Meaning: “god’s gift.”

The name is derived from the Greek Theodoros (Θεοδωρος) which is composed of the elements θεος (theos) meaning “god” and δωρον (doron) “gift.” The name was borne by several early saints, two popes and three tsars of Russia.

In recent American history the name was borne by President Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) of whom the Teddy Bear was named for.

It is currently the 263rd most popular male name in the United States, (2010).

An interesting fact: Dorothy is derived from the same Greek roots but in reverse order.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Tewodros ተውዶሮስ (Amharic)
  • Tadros تادرس (Arabic: used among Arab Christians)
  • Todos ܛܘܕܘܫ (Aramaic: used among Assyrian and Chaldean Christians)
  • Hvejdar Хведар (Belarusian)
  • Teodor Теодор (Bulgarian/Catalan/Croatian/Czech/Danish/Estonian/Finnish/Hungarian/Polish/Romanian/Scandinavian/Slovakian/Slovene/Ukrainian)
  • Todor (Bulgarian/Serbiab/Northern Greek)
  • Theirn (Cajun)
  • Theodoor (Dutch)
  • Theodorus (Dutch/Latin)
  • Theodore თევდორე (English/Georgian)
  • Tuudor (Estonian)
  • Teuvo (Finnish)
  • Théodore (French)
  • Theodor (German)
  • Theodoros Θεόδωρος (Greek)
  • Thodoros Θόδωρος (Greek)
  • Fedor (Hungarian)
  • Tivadar (Hungarian)
  • Tódor (Hungarian)
  • Téodóir (Irish)
  • Teodoro (Italian/Portuguese/Spanish)
  • Todaro (Italian)
  • Teodors (Latvian)
  • Thei (Limburgish)
  • Teodoras (Lithuanian)
  • Toše Тоше (Macedonian)
  • Tiodore (Occitanian)
  • Toader (Romanian)
  • Tudor (Romanian/Welsh)
  • Fedor Федор (Russian/Slovene)
  • Fjodor Фёдор (Russian)
  • Teodoru (Sicilian)
  • Fedja (Slovene)
  • Todor (Slovene)
  • Fedir Федір (Ukrainian)
  • Tewdwr/Tudur (Welsh)
Common diminutives include:
  • Tosho Тошо (Bulgarian)
  • Toshko Тошко(Bulgarian)
  • Ted/Teddy (English)
  • Tedo თედო (Georgian)
  • Fedja Федя (Russian)

Its feminine form of Theodora was very popular in Byzantium, it was borne by at least five Byzantine Empresses including Empress Theodora who is also revered as a saint.

Other feminine forms include:

  • Teodora Теодора თეოდორა (Bulgarian/Catalan/Crotian/Georgian/Italian/Macedonian/Polish/Portuguese/Romanian/Serbian/Slovene/Spanish/Swedish)
  • Todorka Тодорка (Bulgarian/Macedonian)
  • Theodora Θεοδώρα (Czech/English/German/Greek)
  • Theda (English/German)
  • Théodora (French)
  • Teodóra (Hungarian)
  • Fedora Федора (Russian/Slovene)
  • Feodora Феодора (Russian)