The name is a Latinized form of the Greek male name, Arsenios Αρσενιος. The name was borne by a 5th-century Greek saint.
Its Central Asian form of Arsen Арсен is currently the 21st most popular male name in Kazakhstan, (2010).
Other forms of the name include:
- Arsen Արսեն Арсен (Albanian/Armenian/Azeri/Bashkir/Bosnian/Chechen/Chuvash/Circassian/Croatian/Czecg/Georgian/Kazakh/Kyrgyz/Ossetian/Slovak/Slovene/Tatar/Tajik/Turkmen/Uzbek)
- Arseniu (Asturian)
- Arseni Арсений არსენი (Bulgarian/Catalan/Georgian/Russian/Ukrainian)
- Arsène (French)
- Arsenios (Greek)
- Arzén (Hungarian)
- Arsenio (Italian/Portuguese/Spanish)
- Arsenijs (Latvian)
- Arsenijus (Lithuanian)
- Arsenije Арсеније (Macedonian/Serbian)
- Arseniusz (Polish)
- Arsenie (Romanian)
Russian diminutives include: