Menas, Minas, Mina

  • Arabic مينا;
  • Armenian Մինաս
  • Coptic ⲙⲏⲛⲁ
  • Ge’ez ሜናስ
  • Greek Μηνᾶς

Menas is a popular male name among Eastern Christians, it is of uncertain meaning, it may derive from the Greek μήνη (mene) meaning, “moon,” or the ancient Egyptian Menes, which is the name of a 3rd-century BCE Egyptian pharaoh, in which case, the name derives from the ancient Egyptian, mnj (he who endures). It may also be related to the ancient Egyptian divinity name, Min, which is of uncertain meaning. However, according to Coptic tradition, the name means “amen.”

It is the name of a popular 2nd-century Coptic saint and martyr, known as Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲙⲏⲛⲁ (Abba Mina). According to legend, St. Menas’ parents were devout Christians who were having a hard time having children. His mother prayed to the Virgin Mary for a child, and she heard a response saying “amen,” this is where the name Menas supposedly derives from. It is speculated by some that the Western St. Christopher and the Eastern St. Menas are one and the same person. It is also borne by an Ethiopian saint of the 6th-century (CE) and a 16th-century CE Ethiopian emperor.

It was the name of 1st-century CE Roman admiral who features in Shakespeares, Antony & Cleopatra.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Minasə ሚናስ (Amharic)
  • Mina مينا; Мина ⲙⲏⲛⲁ Ми́на Міна (Arabic, Bulgarian, Coptic, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian)
  • Minas Մինաս Μηνάς (Armenian, Greek)
  • Menna (Catalan)
  • Ménas (French)
  • Menas (German, Latin, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish)
  • Ménász, Mennasz, Mínász (Hungarian)
  • Mena (Italian)

Sources

Marcus, Mark

Il_Pordenone_-_San_Marco_-_Budapest


From one of the most common Roman praenomen, its origin and meaning is uncertain. A popular etymology is that it relates to Mars, others suggest it may be from the Etruscan Marce, which may come from mar (to harvest). It is said the name was originally bestowed on those who were born in March.

Marcellus and the name of the month of March likely shares the same etymological root.

It was borne by several notable Romans, including Mark Antony, Marcus Aurelius & Cicero.

It was the name of one of the Evangelists who authored the eponymous Gospel, known as St. Mark in the Christian world, he is revered as the founder of Christianity in Africa and is traditionally believed to have founded the Church in Alexandria. Coptic Christians hold him in high regard. His bones were smuggled out of Egypt in a barrel of pork fat by Venetian merchants from Alexandria when Egypt fell under Islamic rule and were transported back to Venice where they were eventually installed and dedicated in the Basilica of San Marco.

The name was borne by a 2nd-century pope as well.


Marcus, Mark and Marc have been quite popular in several countries. Marcus was in the U.S. Top 100 between 1970-2000, Sweden’s between 1998-2008, New Zealand’s between 2008-2014, England & Wales between 1996-2003, and in Denmark’s between 1994-2006. Currently, his rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • #54 (Canada, BC, 2018)
  • #87 (Australia, 2018)
  • #100 (Norway, 2018)
  • #209 (United States, 2018)
  • #213 (France, 2018)
  • #236 (England & Wales, 2018)
  • #406 (Netherlands, 2018)

Its latinate form of Marco, which started off as a mainly Italian form, became widespread across the continent. His rankings in the following countries are as follows:

  • #11 (Galicia, Spain, 2018)
  • #16 (Spain, 2018_
  • #23 (Italy, 2018)
  • #65 (Catalonia, Spain, 2018)
  • #81 (Portugal, 2018)
  • #358 (United States, 2018)
  • #436 (England & Wales, 2018)
  • #446 (France, 2018)

It’s English form of Mark appears in the legend of Tristan & Isolde as the name of the King of Cornwall, supposedly the name was not common in the English-speaking world until the 19th-century, but became a hit by the Mid-1900s. Mark appeared in the U.S. Top 100 between 1944-2002, which is quite a long stretch. Mark peaked the highest in popularity between 1955-1970, peaking at #6, six years in a row between 1959-1964.  Marks’s rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • #5 (Slovenia, 2018)
  • #6 (Moscow, Russia, 2018)
  • #21 (Hungary, 2018)
  • #83 (Ireland, 2018)
  • #210 (U.S., 2018)
  • #253 (England & Wales, 2018)
  • #298 (the Netherlands, 2018)

Marc is the French, Catalan & Welsh form and has been popularly used in the English-speaking world, it is currently the most popular male name in Catalonia, 2018 and between 1968-1976 it was in the U.S. Top 100. Marc’s rankings in the popularity charts are as follows

  • #26 (Spain, 2018)
  • #313 (France, 2018)
  • #825 (US, 2018)

Other forms of the name include:

  • Mark Марк (Albanian, Belarusian, Breton, Dutch, English, Maltese, Russian, Ukrainian)
  • Marḳos ማርቆስ (Amharic)
  • Marqus مَرْقُس‎ (Arabic, mainly used among Arab-Christians)
  • Marghos (Armenian)
  • Marko (Basque)
  • Marko Марко (Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Finnish, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovene, Ukrainian)
  • Markos Μαρκος Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ (Coptic, Greek)
  • Margh (Cornish)
  • Marcu (Corsican, Romanian)
  • Mokus (Croatian, Serbian)
  • Marek (Czech, Polish, Slovak)
  • Marco (Catalan, Dutch, Galician, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
  • Marc (Catalan, French, Occitanian, Welsh)
  • Marcus (Dutch, English, German, French, Scandinavian)
  • Markus (Dutch, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, Frisian, German, Scandinavian)
  • Marghus (Estonian)
  • Markko, Markku (Finnish)
  • Marke (Finnish)
  • Marcas (Gaelic)
  • Marx (German, archaic)
  • Maleko (Hawaiian)
  • Márk (Hungarian)
  • Markús (Icelandic)
  • Marchino (Italian)
  • Marcolino (Italian)
  • Marcuccio (Italian)
  • Mareks (Latvian)
  • Marks (Latvian)
  • Markuss (Latvian)
  • Markas, Morkus (Lithuanian)
  • March (Lombard)
  • Markys (Manx)
  • Marquét (Poitvin, diminutive form)
  • Marcos (Portuguese, Spanish)
  • Kusi (Swiss-German diminutive form)
  • Marqōs ܡܪܩܘܣ‎ (Syriac)
  • Mår (Walloon)

It’s feminine forms include Marca but and sometimes Marcia was used as a feminine form, though it is more the feminine equivalent of Marcius.

Other feminine forms include:

  • Markusine (German, obscure)
  • Marchina (Italian)
  • Marcolina (Italian)
  • Marcuccia (Italian)

Sources

Evander

Evander

Origin: Greek
Meaning: “good man”
Gender: Masculine
(ee-VAN-der)

The name is composed of the Greek elements, Greek ευ (eu) meaning “good” and ανηρ (aner, genetive) “man.” It was borne in Roman Mythology by an Arcadian hero who is credited for founding the city of Pallatium and also introducing the alphabet, the Greek religion and laws to the Italian peninsula. It was also borne by a 2nd-3rd-century BCE Greek Philosopher and 1st-Century CE Greek Sculptor.

In Scotland, Evander was adopted as the anglicized form of the Gaelic male name, Iomhair (EE-vor), though an English form (Ivor) already existed and neither Evander or Ivor are really related.

A notable contemporary bearer is American boxer, Evander Holyfield (b.1962).

In the United States, the name only made an appearance in the U.S. Top 1000 one time in 1895, coming in as the 872nd most popular male name.

Short forms include: Evan, Van, and Vandy.

Other forms include:

  • Evandre (Catalan)
  • Evànder (Catalan)
  • Evander (Danish/Dutch/German/English/Hungarian/Norwegian/Portuguese/Swedish)
  • Évandre (French)
  • Euandros (Original Greek form)
  • Evandro (Italian/Portuguese/Spanish)
  • Euander (Latin)
  • Evandrus (Latin)
  • Ewander (Polish)

A feminine form is Evandra.
Sources

Latin Words That Would Make Awesome Baby Names

Roman Names

I meant to publish this several weeks ago, but never got around it. Here is a list of lovely Latin names that would make awesome female names. What do you think? Would you use any of these?

  • Abellana (hazelnut)
  • Acerra: name of a type of small box that held incense for sacrifices
  • Aerizusa: name of a kind of precious stone, speculated to pertain to “turquoise”
  • Aeruca “verdigris”
  • Aethra: “the upper, pure air; the bright, clear, serene sky; the air, heavens, sky”
  • Alauda “lark”
  • Albuelis: name of a kind of vine
  • Alica: a form of wheat, grits or a type of drink produced from the aformentioned wheat.
  • Alicula: a short tunic with a cape
  • Alsine: “chickweed”
  • Anima “soul”
  • Apella “small bee”
  • Aqua “water”
  • Ara “altar; sanctuary”
  • Aranea “spider; spider web”
  • Ardissa: name of an unknown type of plant
  • Arianis: name of a type of wild plant that grew in what is now Afghanistan
  • Arinca: a kind of grain
  • Aris: name of a plant in the arum family
  • Arista “ear of grain; harvest; summer”
  • Atrusca: name of a kind of grape
  • Auraria “goldmine; female goldsmith”
  • Aurata “golden; gilded; sea bream”
  • Avena “wild oat”
  • Avicella/Avicula “little bird”
  • Avis “bird”
  • Bacalia: name of a type of laurel with berries
  • Banderia “banner; flag”
  • Barneca “barnacle goose”
  • Bellatrix “warrior woman”
  • Bellis “daisy”
  • Berula “watercress”
  • Betula “birch”
  • Bolis: a term for a meteor shaped like an arrow
  • Boria: name of a kind of jasper
  • Brassica “cabbage”
  • Bria “winecup”
  • Brisa “refuse of grapes after pressing”
  • Brontea “thunderstone; precious stone”
  • Bruma “winter solstice; winter cold”
  • Bryonia “bryony”
  • Bucardia: name of a type of precious stone
  • Cacalia “coltsfoot plant”
  • Cadmitis: name of a type of precious stone
  • Caesura “a pause in a verse”
  • Cala “burning log”
  • Calabrix: name of a shrub speculated to be the buckthorn
  • Caliditas “warmth; heat”
  • Callais: name of a precious stone that was green, perhaps the turqoise
  • Callis “path”
  • Caltha “marigold”
  • Camella “wine-goblet”
  • Campana “bell”
  • Canna “reed”
  • Cantatio “charm; spell; music; song”
  • Cantilena “old song; gossip; oft-repeated saying”
  • Cantio “song”
  • Cantrix “songstress”
  • Cappella “cloak; chapel”
  • Caprea “roe deer; wild female goat”
  • Carex “reedgrass; rushes”
  • Carica: name of a type of fig
  • Carissa “artful woman”
  • Cassia “cinnamon”
  • Cassita “crested lark”
  • Castanea “chestnut”
  • Cathedra “ceremonial chair”
  • Cedrus “cedar”
  • Cembra “Swiss pine”
  • Ceraunia: name of a light blue gemstone
  • Cerceris: name of a type of bird, exact translation has been lost in history
  • Ceresia “cherry”
  • Chara: name of a type of root plant, exact translation has been lost in history
  • Chelidonia “celandine swallow”
  • Chelys “tortoise”
  • Chilias “the number one thousand”
  • Cicindela “firefly”
  • Ciconia “stork”
  • Cidaris “diadem; tiara”
  • Cifra “zero”
  • Cinis “cold ashes”
  • Cinnabaris “dragon’s blood; cinnabar”
  • Cynira “10-stringed lyre”
  • Codia “head of the poppy”
  • Coris “hypericon plant”
  • Dabla “Arabian date palm”
  • Damalio “calf”
  • Damma “fallow deer”
  • Dammula “small deer”
  • Dextra “right hand”
  • Docis: meteor in the form of a beam
  • Dolba “caterpiller”
  • Dos “gift; dowry; endowment”
  • Dracaena “she-dragon”
  • Dracontia: name of a precious stone allegedly found in serpent heads
  • Dravoca “darnel grass”
  • Eclipsis “solar eclipse”
  • Emys: name of a type of tortoise
  • Equa “mare”
  • Erice “heath
  • Fabella “story; play”
  • Fera “wild animal; beast”
  • Feria “festival; holiday”
  • Ferula “fennel”
  • Filiola “young daughter”
  • Filix “fern”
  • Fulica “waterfowl”
  • Galbina: name of a type of small bird
  • Gallina “hen”
  • Gavia: name of a type of bird
  • Gelela “bitter apple”
  • Gemmula “small plant; small gem”
  • Genista “broom plant”
  • Glena “a bundle of ears of grain”
  • Glis “dormouse”
  • Hadra “stone”
  • Harena “sand”
  • Helix “ivy; willow”
  • Iberis “cress”
  • Ilex “holm oak”
  • Irio: name of a type of plant
  • Isatis “woad”
  • Lada: name of a type of shrub
  • Lanterna “torch; lantern”
  • Lapsana: name of a type of plant similar to mustard
  • Larix “larch”
  • Laurea “laurel tree”
  • Laus “praise; glory”
  • Lautitia “elegance; splendour”
  • Leaena “lioness”
  • Leros: name of a kind of precious stone
  • Lex “law”
  • Lexis “word”
  • Libellula “dragonfly”
  • Libra “a pound; balance; scale”
  • Loba “nightshade”
  • Luella “atonement”
  • Luma “thorn”
  • Lunula: moon-shaped ornament
  • Lutra “otter”
  • Lux “light”
  • Lychnis: name of a type of rose or precious stone
  • Macaerinthe “rosemary”
  • Maena “a small sea-fish”
  • Magia “magic; sorcery”
  • Martes “marten”
  • Mataxa “silk”
  • Meles “badger”
  • Mellilla “sweetheart”
  • Mellinia “sweetness”
  • Melongena “aubergine”
  • Merenda “taste” also a small evening meal
  • Merula “blackbird”
  • Musica “music”
  • Nabla: name of a type of lyre
  • Narita: name of a type of sea-snail
  • Natula “little daughter”
  • Natura “nature”
  • Nebula “cloud; fog”
  • Nepa “scorpion; crab”
  • Nitela “brightness; splendour”
  • Nix “snow”
  • Noticula “moon; candle; lamp; lantern”
  • Noctua “owl”
  • Nodia: name of a type of plant
  • Nox “night”
  • Nubes “stormcloud”
  • Nubicula “little cloud”
  • Nux “tree-nut”
  • Olea “olive”
  • Olla “pot; jar”
  • Olyra “spelt”
  • Ombria: name of a precious stone
  • Ononis “restharrow” a type of shrub”
  • Palara: name of a type of bird
  • Pandia: name of a precious stone
  • Penna “feather”
  • Persica “walnut; peach”
  • Phalaena “moth”
  • Pluvia “rain”
  • Poetria “poem; poesy; poetess”
  • Porphirio: name of a type of bird “purple swampen.”
  • Principissa “princess”
  • Quiescentia “quiet; rest”
  • Rana “frog”
  • Rhodora: name of a type of plant
  • Rica “veil”
  • Rubecula “robin”
  • Rubia “red dye; madder”
  • Rubrica “red ochre; rubric”
  • Runa “dart; javelin”
  • Sacristia “vestry”
  • Saeta “silk; bristle”
  • Saga “sage; fortune-teller”
  • Sagitta “arrow”
  • Salina “salt”
  • Saliunca “nard-tree”
  • Salix “willow”
  • Salvia “sage-plant”
  • Samara: name of a plant
  • Sambuca: name of a type of harp
  • Sampsa: “olive pomace”
  • Sapphirus “sapphire”
  • Sarissa: name of a type of pike or weapon
  • Satureia “savory herb”
  • Seris: name of a type of Chicory
  • Seselis “saxifrage”
  • Sitella “voting urn”
  • Sozusa “artemisia plant”
  • Sphaera “globe; sphere”
  • Spica “ear of grain”
  • Spuma “foam”
  • Stiria “icicle”
  • Taeda “pinewood; torch”
  • Taleola “small shoot”
  • Talpa “mole (animal)”
  • Talpona: name of a type of vine
  • Tamarix “tamarisk”
  • Tarrupia: name of a type of grape
  • Tela “web; loom”
  • Telis “fenugreek”
  • Terra “earth; soil; world”
  • Thymbra “savory”
  • Tiara “turban; ornamental headdress”
  • Tilia “linden tree”
  • Tisana “pearl barley”
  • Umbra “shadow; ghost”
  • Unda “wave”
  • Uria: name of a type of seabird
  • Ursa “female bear”
  • Urtica “stinging nettle”
  • Vallis “valley”
  • Venia “indulgence; kindness; grace; mercy”
  • Verbena “herb”
  • Virga “twig; magical wand”
  • Vox “voice; accent”
  • Zea “emmer wheat; rosemary”
  • Zeta: the Letter Z
  • Zmintha: name of a type of mint
  • Zona “belt; girdle”
  • Zura “seed; Christ’s Thorn (type of plant)”

Ancient Roman Place Names

  • Adrana: from the Latin name for the Eder River in Germany
  • Aleria: name of a city in Corsica
  • Allia: name of a river in Latium
  • Alsa: Latin name for the Ausa River in Venetia
  • Alyzia: name of a town in Ancient Greece
  • Ameria: name of an ancient city in Umbria
  • Ancyra: Latin name for Ankara, Turkey
  • Aprusia: name of a small river in Umbria
  • Avara: Latin name for the Yèvre river in France
  • Aveia: name of a city near L’Aquila, Italy
  • Brixia: Latin name for Brescia
  • Caralis: Latin name for Cagliari
  • Calauria: name of an island of the Saronic golf
  • Caledonia: Latin name for Scotland
  • Calela: name of a town in Apulia
  • Caletra: name of an Etruscan city
  • Edeta: name of a city in what is now Spain
  • Hibernia “Ireland”
  • Letoia: name of an island in the Ionian sea mentioned by Pliny
  • Lutetia: ancient name for Paris
  • Narnia: Latin name for Narni, Italy
  • Nebrissa: name of a town in what is now Spain
  • Noeta: name of a town in what is now Spain
  • Priene: name of a town in Greece
  • Prinoessa: name of an island on the Ionian sea
  • Robrica: name of a town in what is now Belgium
  • Rura: Latin name for the River Ruhr in Germany
  • Saba: Latin name for Sheba
  • Sabaria: name of a town in Pannonia
  • Sabora: name of a town in what is now Andalusia
  • Sabrata: name of a town in North Africa
  • Sabrina: Latin name for the Severn river
  • Samara: Latin name for the river Somme
  • Samaria: Ancient city in the West Bank
  • Samarobriva: Latin name for Amiens
  • Sicoris: Latin name for the Segre river in Spain
  • Silana: name of a town in Greece
  • Silpia: name of a town in Spain
  • Sina: Latin name for China
  • Sinuessa: name of a town in Lazio
  • Snelandia: Latin name for Iceland
  • Talamina: name of a town in Spain
  • Tamaris: name of the Tambre river in Spain
  • Taruenna: Latin name for Thérouanne, a town in Belgium

Boys names to come soon…
Sources

Hercules

Gender: Masculine
Origin: Greek Ἡρακλῆς
Meaning: “glory of Hera.”

Hercules is the Latin form of the Greek, Herakles. Herakles is composed of the Greek elements, Hera (as in the goddess) and cleos (κλεος) meaning, “glory; fame.”

The name was of course borne in Greek mythology by the divine hero, son of Zeus and Alcmene. In a rage of jealousy and to spite Zeus, Hera cursed Hercules into madness, driving him to kill his own children. In order to atone for his sins, Hercules performed twelve seemingly impossible feats, which he successfully accomplished thereafter becoming divine.

Hercules was a popular figure in Ancient Greece and later enjoyed popularity in the Roman Empire. His festival of Heraklea occurred between July and August. Thus the name may make an interesting choice for a child born during these months.

The name remained common even after the introduction of Christianity. It is especially common in Southeastern Europe and Greece.

Irakli, the Georgian form of the name, was borne by two Georgian Kings, the most notable being Irakli II (1720-1798).

As of 2011, Irakli was the 11th most popular male name in the Republic of Georgia.

In the English-speaking world, Hercules had some usage between the 16th and 19th-centuries. Notable bearers include:

  • Hercules Huncks (circ. 1600s) one of the Regicides of King Charles I of England.
  • Hercules Ross (1745-1816) a Scots tradesmen and abolitionist.
  • Hercules Brabazon Sharpe, (1821-1906) a British artist
  • Hercules Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead, (1824-1897) the 5th governor of Hong Kong.
  • Hercules Linton (1837-1900) a famous Scottish shipbuilder and designer.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Herakliu (Albanian)
  • Gjerakl Геракл (Belarusian)
  • Herakl Херакъл (Bulgarian)
  • Hèracles (Catalan)
  • Hèrcules (Catalan)
  • Heraklo (Croatian)
  • Herkul (Croatian/Macedonian/Serbian/Slovene)
  • Héraklés (Czech)
  • Hercule (French)
  • Earcail (Gaelic)
  • Irakli ირაქლი (Georgian)
  • Herakles Ηρακλης (German/Greek/Polish/Scandinavian)
  • Eracle (Italian)
  • Ercole (Italian)
  • Hērakls (Latvian)
  • Heraklis (Lithuanian)
  • Eracles (Occitanian)
  • Éracle (Piedmontese)
  • Héracles (Portuguese)
  • Heracle (Romanian)
  • Gerakl Гера́кл (Russian)
  • Erculi (Sicilian)
  • Heraclio (Spanish)
  • Ercwlff (Welsh)

Thaïs

Gender: Feminine
Origin: Greek Θαις
Meaning: “headband; band.”
Eng (tye-YEES); Fre (tah-YEEZ); Por (TAH-ees)

The name is derived from the Greek root for a band worn around the head. It was borne by a 3rd-century B.C.E. Greek hetaera who was credited as being the burner of Persopolis. She is sometimes believed to have been a lover of Alexander the Great, but there is no conclusive evidence that the two were ever together, what is known for sure is that she was the courtesan of Ptolomy Soter I, Alexander’s general. Her character later inspired other characters of the same name in both Classical Roman and post-Classical literature. She appears in Terence’s Eunuchas, her lines were later quoted by Cicero and a Thaïs is mentioned in Dante’s Inferno. In more recent history, she was the inspiration of Ivan Eframov’s novel, Thaïs of Athens (1975).

The name was also borne by a legendary Egyptian Christian saint who was believed to have originally been a prostitute. She was converted by St. Paphnutius who had disguised himself as a “customer.” Thaïs became a fervent Christian, abandoning her comfortable life as a high-end prostitute and spending three years in repentance eventually dying in peace as a hermit in the Egyptian desert. Her story is the inspiration behind the Anatole France novel Thaïs (1890) which was later adapted into an opera of the same name. Demetre Chiparus famous sculpture, Thaïs, was in turn inspired by the Opera.

Due to the cult of St. Thaïs of Egypt, the name remained in use throughout the former Byzantine Empire. She was used to a certain extent on the continent and in 18th-century England during the Romantic Period.

As of 2010, Thaïs was the 97th most popular female name in France. Her Slovene form of Tajda was the 74th most popular female name in Slovenia, (2010), while Taja came in as the 23rd most popular female name in Slovenia, (2010).

Other forms of the name include:

  • Taisija/Taisiya (Bulgarian/Macedonian/Serbian/Russian/Ukrainian)
  • Taís (Catalan/Spanish)
  • Tayys تاييس (Coptic/Lebanese/Syrian)
  • Thaïs (English/French/German/Greek)
  • Thaisia (German)
  • Thaisis (German)
  • Taide (Italian)
  • Taisia (Italian)
  • Taida (Polish)
  • Tais (Polish)
  • Taisja (Polish)
  • Tesja (Polish)
  • Thaís (Portuguese)
  • Taja (Slovene)
  • Tajana (Slovene)
  • Tajda (Slovene)
  • Tajka (Slovene)
  • Tajša (Slovene)

Marina, Marine

Gender: Feminine
Origin: Latin
Meaning: “sea; of the sea”
(mah-REE-nah); Fre (mah-REEN)

The name is borne by a very famous and legendary Middle Eastern Christian saint. Known as Saint Marina the Monk, or St. Marina of Bithynia, (also known as Mariam), legend has it that as a girl, her father disguised her as a boy and left her at a monastery to live with monks. She grew up among the monks, who always believed she was a boy, and she became a role model for the monastic community. She caught the eye of a local girl who, believing she was a man, tried to seduce her, when Marina refused the advances, the girl accused her of making her pregnant. The monastery banished Marina and she was forced to raise the child of the woman who had accused her of being the father. She raised the boy and the boy grew up to join the order and become a pious monk himself, but Marina continued to be ostracized by her former community. It wasn’t until she died that her true identity as a woman was revealed and the monastery realized that she could have never made the woman pregnant, and that the child was not her son. Since she continued to live in humility and raised the child as her own even when he was not, she was seen as a great suffering saint. Her feast is held on July 18th in the Coptic and Eastern Orthodox Churches. The Catholic Church holds her feast on June 18th. Her cult is especially popular among marionite Lebanese Christians.

As a result, the name is fairly popular throughout the Christian Orthodox World, including Russia, Greece, Lebanon and Syria.

Other forms include:

  • Marina Марина მარინა Μαρινα (Bulgarian/Catalan/Croatian/Dutch/Georgian/German/Greek/Italian/Latin/Macedonian/Portuguese/Romanian/Russian/Scandinavian/Serbian/Slovene/Spanish)
  • Marína (Czech/Slovak)
  • Maren (Danish/Norwegian)
  • Marna (Danish)
  • Marine (French)
  • Marinella/Marinetta (Italian)
  • Maryna (Polish: diminutive form is Marynka).
  • Marinela/Marinka (Slovene)
Her French form of Marine also coincides with the French word for “navy blue” and for the female form of marin, meaning, “sailor.” She may make an interesting choice for someone looking for a more feminine and legit alternative to Sailor or even Navy.
As of 2010, Marine was the 100th most popular female name in France. Marina’s rankings in other countries are as follows:
  • # 27 (Catalonia, 2010)
  • # 27 (Spain, 2010)
  • # 33 (Brazil, 2010)
  • # 59 (Croatia, 2009)
  • # 71 (Maren, Norway, 2011)
  • # 266 (France, 2010)
  • # 321 (Maren, Netherlands, 2011)
  • # 616 (United States, 2011)

Masculine form is Marinus.

Flavia

Gender: Feminine
Origin: Latin
Meaning: “blonde.”
Classical Lat (FLAU-wee-ah); Late Lat/It (FLAH-vyah); Fre (flah-VEE)

The name is a feminine form of the Roman family name, Flavius, which is derived from the Latin, flavus (blonde; yellow-haired). Its Greek cognate is Xanthe.

Flavius was a family name of a few 1st-century Roman Emperors, notably Vespasian and Domitian. It was later adopted as a first name by several Late Roman emperors including Constantine.

Its feminine form was borne by two early Roman martyrs and saints, making the name remain popular after the dawn of Christianity.

Flavia appears as the name of a major female character in the Anthony Hope novel, The Prisonor of Zenda (1894).

As of 2010, its French form of Flavie was the 224th most popular female name in France.

Other forms of the feminine include:

  • Flavie (French)
  • Flávia (Hungarian)
  • Flavia (Italian/Latin/Romanian/Spanish)
  • Flavina (Italian)
  • Flawia (Polish)
  • Flávia (Portuguese)

Masculine forms include:

  • Flavi (Catalan)
  • Flávió (Hungarian)
  • Fláviusz (Hungarian)
  • Flavio (Italian/Spanish)
  • Flavius (Latin)
  • Flawiusz (Polish)
  • Flaviu (Romanian)

Timaeus

Gender: Masculine
Origin: Greek Τιμαιος
Meaning: “honour.”
Eng (tie-MEE-əs); Fre (teey-MEY-oh)

Timaeus is a latinized form of the Greek, Timaios (Τιμαιος), meaning, “honour.”

The name was very popular in ancient Greece, being the name of one of Plato’s dialogues, a Pythogorean philosopher who was the inspiration of the platonic dialogue and a Roman sophist.

The name briefly occurs in the New Testament, in Mark 10:46 as the name of the father of Bartimaeus.

As of 2010, its French form of Timéo was the 16th most popular male name in France.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Timej Тимей (Bulgarian/Russian/Ukrainian)
  • Timeu (Catalan/Portuguese/Sicilian)
  • Timaj (Croatian/Serbian)
  • Timée (French)
  • Timéo (French)
  • Timaios Τιμαιος (Greek)
  • Timaiosz (Hungarian)
  • Timeo (Italian/Spanish)
  • Timeus (Late Latin)
  • Timaeus (Latin)
  • Timajos (Polish)

Maxence

Gender: Masculine
Origin: Latin
Meaning: “greatest.”
Fre (mahk-SAWns)

The name is a French form of the Latin name, Maxentius, which is derived from maximus, meaning, “greatest.” This was a nickname of a 4th-century Roman emperor and a rival of Constantine’s.

Originally, in French, Maxence was both feminine and masculine being borne by a male saint of Agde and a female saint of Picardy.

St. Maxence of Agde was a contemporary of St. Hilary of Poitiers, while St. Maxence of Picardy was said to have been an early Scottish princess who fled to Gaul to avoid persecution, she was eventually caught and martyred.

As of 2010, Maxence was the 25th most popular male name in France.

Today, the name is very rarely given to females.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Maxentzio (Basque)
  • Maxenci (Catalan)
  • Maksencije (Croatian)
  • Maixent (French)
  • Maxens (French)
  • Maxent (French)
  • Maksentius (Frisian)
  • Maxencio (Galician)
  • Massenzio (Italian)
  • Maxentius (Latin)
  • Maksanty (Polish)
  • Maksencjusz (Polish)
  • Magêncio (Portuguese)
  • Maxêncio (Portuguese)
  • Majencio (Spanish)
Feminine forms include:
  • Maxence (French)
  • Massenzia (Italian)
  • Maxentia (Latin)
  • Maksencja (Polish)