Adam

Gender: Masculine
Origin: Hebrew
Meaning: “man”

The name is found in the Old Testament as the name of the first man created by God. Whether Adam is used as a personal name or in a generic sense is up to debate, many Biblical scholars agree that the authors of Genesis were not using Adam as a personal name, but more of a generic term.

Though in modern Semitic languages, the modern word for man is many times Adam, or Ben-Adam (son of Adam), its actual etymology is also debated. Some believe it is ultimately derived from the Hebrew אדם (‘adam) meaning “red” referring either to human skin tone, or to the colour of earth, which in the Bible, is what God created Adam from. Other sources suggest that it may be related to an Akkadian source, Adamu, meaning “to make.”

The name is a popular choice among Christians, Jews and Muslims alike. In Europe, it has been in use since the early Middle Ages. Among Christians, Christ is often given the title of the “New Adam.”

Its designated name-day, along with Eve, is usually December 24.

Currently, Adam is the # 78th most popular male name in the United States. In other countries, his rankings are as follows:

  • # 35 (Australia, 2007)
  • # 28 (Belgium, 2006)
  • # 47 (Canada, BC, 2008)
  • # 8 (Czech Republic, 2008)
  • #32 (England/Wales, 2008)
  • # 34 (France, 2006)
  • # 7 (Hungary, 2008)
  • # 7 (Ireland, 2008)
  • # 10 (Israel, among Muslim boys, 2004)
  • # 1 (Israel, among Druze boys, 2004)
  • # 76 (the Netherlands, 2008)
  • # 6 (Northern Ireland, 2009)
  • # 19 (Scotland, 2008)
  • # 75 (Spain, 2006)
  • # 28 (Sweden, 2007)

In addition, the Adam form is also used in Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian/Serbian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, German, Icelandic, Polish, Romanian, Slovakian and Slovenian.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Adami (Albanian)
  • Ādam آدم (Arabic)
  • Adəm (Azeri)
  • Adame (Basque)
  • Adem (Bosnian/Kurdish)
  • Aadam (Estonian)
  • Ádam (Faroese)
  • Aadam/Aatami (Finnish)
  • Adám Αδάμ (Greek)
  • Akamu (Hawaiian)
  • ʼĀḏām אָדָם (Hebrew: Modern)
  • Ádám (Hungarian)
  • Ádhamh/Ádam (Irish)
  • Adamo (Italian)
  • Adamus (Latin)
  • Ādams (Latvian)
  • Adomas (Lithuanian)
  • Adamu (Old Church Slavonic)
  • Adão (Portuguese)
  • Aden/Adom (Romansch)
  • Adam Адам (Russian/Ukrainian)
  • Adàmu (Sardinian)
  • Addamu (Sicilian)
  • Aadam (Somalian)
  • Adán (Spanish, ah-DAHN)
  • Adan (Tagalog)
  • Âdem (Turkish)
  • Odam (Uzbek)
  • Adda (Welsh)

A feminine version is the Spanish and Scotch, Adamina.

A Polish diminutive form is Adaš