Gender: Masculine
Origin: Turkish
Meaning: debated

The name is a modern Turkish form of the ancient Turkic name Mondu, which is of debated origin. It has been suggested by various scholars that Mondu may be a Chinese corruption of the Turkic honorific title, Baghatur.

In history, the name was borne by Mondu Chanyu (234-174 BCE) an emperor of a Central Asian federation known in Chinese as Xionghu. Mondu is credited as being the founder of the Xiongnu Empire centered in modern day Mongolia. Among the Turks, he is known as Mete Han, and he is considered one of the first known Turkish rulers.

Currently, Mete is the 403rd most popular male name in Germany, (2011).

Other forms of the name include:

  • Mete (Azeri)
  • Ogüz (Azeri)
  • Mede Мөде (Kazakh)
  • Mөde Мөде (Tatar)
  • Oguz (Turkmen)




Gender: Masculine
Origin: Italian/Spanish

The name is an Italian form of the Germanic, Roland, meaning “famous land.” Orlando has been in usage in the English-speaking world since at least the 16th-century, most likely due to the character in Shakespeares As You Like It (1599). It also the name of the eponymous character of the Italian epic Orlando Furioso (circ. 1520).

The name has been borne by English composer, Orlando Gibbons (1582-1625), American general, Orlando Ward (1891-1972) and British actor, Orlando Bloom (b.1977).

It is also the name of a city in Florida, which, according to legend may have been named for the Shakespeare character or it could have been named for an American sentinel Orlando Reeves who was killed during the Seminole warrior.

Actor Orlando Bloom was named for Orlando Gibbons.

Currently, Orlando is the 425th most popular male name in Germany, (2011) and the 435th most popular in the United States, (2010).

A feminine form is Orlanda.


Gender: Masculine
Origin: German
Meaning: debated
Eng (HAY-gen); Germ (HAH-gen)

The name could be of three possible etymologies, it could be a borrowing from the Danish form of Håkon. Other sources have suggested that it comes directly from the Old High German meaning, “grove; enclosure.” In the case of the German city, this is the most likely etymology. Another possibility is that it is the German form of the Old Norse Högni (protection).

In the Medieval German epic, The Song of the Nibelungs, it is the name of Hagen of Tronje, the slayer of Siegfried and the thief of Nibelungs’ treasure. According to legend, he is half elf and has one eye. He appears in several other German folktales in which he is sometimes portrayed as the hero or the antagonist.

Currently, Hagen is the 430th most popular male name in Germany, (2011).

Another form of the name is Hagano.



Gender: Masculine
Origin: German
Meaning: “God’s spear.”

The name is composed of the Germanic elements, ans (god) and gari (spear). Ansgar is believed to be the progenitor of the name Oscar.

The name was borne by St. Ansgar of Bremen (801-864), an early German saint who is most famous for trying to convert the Danes and Swedes.

Currently the the name is the 408th most popular male name in Germany, (2011).

Other forms of the name include:

  • Anschar (Bavarian)
  • Anscari (Catalan)
  • Anschaire (French)
  • Anskar (Frisian/German)
  • Ansgar (Icelandic/German/Scandinavian)
  • Anscario/Ansgario (Italian)

Erwin, Irvin

Gender: Masculine
Origin: German
Meaning: “army friend.”
Germ (AIR-veen), Eng (ER-vin)

The name is derived from the Old High German, Hariwini, which is composed of the elements, hari (army) and win (friend).

A notable bearer was Austrian physicist, Ervin Schroediger (1887-1961).

It is currently the 419th most popular male name in Germany, (2011), while Ervin is the 87th most popular male name in Bosnia & Herzegovina, (2010)

Other forms of the name include:

  • Ervin (Albanian/Bosnian/Croatian/Hungarian/Slovene)
  • Erwin (Dutch/German/Polish/Swedish)
  • Irvin (English)
  • Ervino (Italian)
  • Ervīns (Latvian)
  • Ervín (Slovak)
 Feminine forms are the Hungarian, Ervina and the Polish, Erwina.