The name is believed to be derived from a low German diminutive form of Anna and was popularized in Sweden via a character in Astrid Lingren’s Pippi Longstockings.
The name has experienced usage in surrounding Northern European countries, such as Estonia, Norway and Finland, and has become very popular in German-speaking countries. It is currently the 49th most popular female name in Austria, (2010). Her rankings in other countries are as follows:
- # 52 (Germany, 2011)
- # 379 (Netherlands, 2010)
- # 466 (United States, 2010).
Other forms of the name include:
- Anika (Danish/Polish/Slovene)
- Annika (Danish/Dutch/Estonian/Faroese/Finnish/German/Icelandic/Norwegian/Swedish)
- Anneke (Dutch)
- Anneken (Dutch)
- Annikka (Finnish)
- Annikki (Finnish)
- Annukka (Finnish)
- Anniken (Norwegian)
- Annica (Swedish)