Stavros, Stavroula

370px-EastOrthodoxcross.svgOrigins: Greek
Meaning: “cross”
Σταυρος, Σταυρουλα

      Both names are very popular in Greece and come directly from the modern Greek word for cross, referring to the crucifixion of Christ. Stavros (STAH-vrose)  is the masculine form while Stavroula (stah-VROO-lah) is the feminine form. The designated name-day is September 15.

      2 thoughts on “Stavros, Stavroula

      1. The CROSS – A symbol so ancient as humankind:
        The cross, the symbol-emblem of the Christian religion in front of the kneeling and bowing so many centuries, millions of faithful Christians, is actually one of the oldest known ancient symbols-even cycle-directly connected to ancient religions and cults of the Great Mother Goddess Earth, the Sun God and Moon Goddess.

        The first images of the cross found in the caves of Europe and Central Asia, dating from the Stone Age. Later, with the advent of the first primitive-yet-organized societies and religions, the cross appeared worldwide in every area of ​​our planet, symbolizing their respective local gods. Decorated and adorned by temples in the world and its variants totaled tens. He was a symbol of Mother Earth (until today, the Chinese ideogram for the Earth is an isosceles cross within a square) and the union of Heaven and Earth (primary gods of primitive man). Thus became a symbol of life, fertility, immortality, the 4 seasons, 4 elements of nature, the 4 winds and 4 cardinal directions. Man ‘maturing’ spiritually with the centuries, analyzed the symbol of the cross over and linked to higher philosophical and theological concepts: the vertical axis associated with Uranus, the spirituality, strength, and the male element. The horizontal axis associated with the Earth, sensitivity, logic and the female element. It became the symbol of the balance between matter and spirit, the duality of nature and a harmonious union of opposites (but not opposing) forces. There was also a symbol of creation, as in Jewry today, that the cross with 6 rays symbolizing the 6 days of Creation of the World by God.

        In Babylon, one of the oldest known cultures, the cross depicted with the crescent, to symbolize the Moon Goddess. Without the crescent, symbolizing the Solar God and the expected Messiah brought many Babylonian crosses on his forehead. In ancient Assyria, the isosceles cross is also identified with the solar god and symbolized the 4 directions of the horizon where the shining rays. Statues Assyrian king found (and now housed in the British Museum) bearing engraved jewelry crosses the neck, apparently to emphasize the kind of class and to emphasize the Divine protection and favor holding at the time beliefs. In Phoenicia, again associated with solar deities. Found in graves in the area, were pottery incised the cross and the dead wore crosses for earrings, apparently to protect his soul and wish for immortality.

        Even in the depths of Africa, we see the cross as a symbol of the Great Mother Goddess who gave birth to the universe. Pregnant women wore the neck, believing that this is the Great Mother will protect them during childbirth and ensure a good delivery.

        In India, the cross appeared strongly in the Hindu (dated around 5,000 BC), symbolizing the holy river Ganges and God Vishnu, who is one of the three major Hindu gods – the Holy Trinity Is the One Supreme God. The vertical axis of a simple isosceles cross, symbolizing the divine state, while the horizontal axis of the material / secular state. The center represents the wise man, balancing between these two situations. Many faithful Hindus have painted cross on their foreheads as a symbol of their faith. This tradition infiltrated Buddhism. In Buddhism (dating from 500 BC), is the axis of the wheel, a very important symbol for this religion. The wheel is Solar, Divine protection, creation and power and the cross is the Divine Law, which supports the Cycle of Existence.

        In ancient Rome, the virgin priestesses of the goddess Vesta (the Greek Hestia), swear lifelong chastity, with punishment to be buried alive if katapatousan their vow, wore a cross around their neck. I wonder how it differed by the priestesses of Vesta from our current nuns? … Moreover, Roman coins found, represented by the Solar God Apollo holding a scepter like a cross.

        In ancient Greece, were related (among others) to Bacchus and Apollo and appears in front of Diana of Ephesus. Moreover, the ancient Greek tradition, the night of full moon of April, which was dedicated to lunar goddesses Artemis and Hecate, used to make small round buns and they leave at the crossroads, to propitiate the Goddess to bless the protection of which flowed from there. The crossroads were directly associated with the goddess Hecate and the God Hermes, from even before the victory of the Olympics (ie, the Titanolatreia). The central square was magical places, the people feared and respected. There, dominated the three-headed Dark Moon Goddess Hecate, with dire magical and prophetic powers, its connection to the World of the Dead and the herd of black dogs to follow. Small temples, Hekataia, stood at nearly every crossroad for propitiation, along with sanctuaries of Hermes psychopomp, who could move freely in the three worlds (of mortals, the immortal and the Dead), to protect travelers passing through there, from the potential wrath of the goddess. According to tradition, those who wanted to communicate with the dead, had to go night at a crossroads, as the “Gateway between the Worlds,” to face their trials and ultimately, if you survive, achieve communication. This tradition is found elsewhere in Asia, Africa and America. As it is, the ratio of the cross with the world of live and dead, and the symbolism of a passage from one world to another, as happened with Jesus Christ, keeps it from time immemorial.

        Famous TWO CROSSES

        The Greek Cross, also known as Crux Immissa Quadrata
        The simple isosceles and standing cross, has remained to be called “Greek cross” and he is considered one of the oldest forms of cross 3 (with Side Cross and the Solar Cross).
        It symbolizes the four elements (earth, water, air, fire) in equilibrium and stability. By extension, symbolizes the harmony of nature. Also symbolizes the four cardinal points. Finally, it symbolizes the relationship of the Divine (vertical axis) of the World (horizontal axis).
        Later in Christianity, the simple isosceles cross symbolized the 4 Evangelists. Further, because it can be divided into 13 blocks, symbolizing the 12 apostles and the cube of the center, Christ. A lesser known variant of the Greek cross, is written with the words “Light” on the vertical axis and “life” on the horizontal, which teaches that all together only by the Divine Light (ie Wisdom and Love), man can win the immortal Life.
        Mathematics is a plus sign and the Chinese count is the number 10.

        The Latin Cross or Christian Cross, or crux ordinaria or crux immissa
        The common (now) know our asymmetrical cross (ie more vertical axis) existed before Christianity several centuries. Until then, it was known in Egypt as the cross of the gods Osiris and Serapis. He appeared in the Christian religion after the 3rd century AD reminder as a symbol of martyred sacrifice of Christ and his resurrection. By the end around the third century AD, the use of the cross was very rare, and there was a reprehensible by most Christians as they were pagan symbol, and also because the Scriptures were perfectly clear:
        “Thou ments in feedback idol, nor any likeness of what is in heaven above and things on earth and under what de ydasin in under the earth, my worship unto them nor worship them not unto them” (the second command)
        “Lord your God to worship and to worship him alone” (Luke 4:8)
        “But come now, and is even now, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in Spirit and truth. And indeed, the Father such calls are those who worship him. Spirit is God, and those who worship him in Spirit and truth must worship him. ‘” (John 4:21-24)
        Tertullian in argumentum ad hominem condemned the use of the cross as idolatry and prevent the Christians who used to paint a small cross on their forehead … as they did centuries before the Hindus. The Emperor Julian, as Cyril says the Alexandria (Contra Julian., Vi, in Opp., VI), prohibited the use of the cross in any way (carved doors of houses, stone, wood or painted on the fronts of believers) describing it as a crime. On the other hand, however, iconoclasts emperors who tried to fight any imagery in the Christian religion, allowing the cross. A long time passed until it solves the problem of using or not using the cross by Christians.
        From 431 AD But some began to appear within the crosses and shrines of the Christian churches and in 586 AD began to decorate the steeples and roofs. It was not easy for people to renounce all that knew and defined as sacred, and the cross was the faith and their cultures for thousands of years. Thus, in the 6th century AD, the Council of Ephesus, solved the problem, and was now formally accepted the symbol of the cross as an emblem of Christianity, making another one-step retreat ‘to the approach of the two religions (old and new).
        For many years after it began using the cross by Christians, it appears crucified on the cross. Scenes from the crucifixion of Christ in art we have before the seventh century AD This is because, on the one followed the Jewish prohibition on imaging and image (second order) and secondly because the empty cross is referred to the resurrection of Christ rather than his death. After the 7th century and even more so after the Council of Nicaea in 787 AD when it was decided to allow the illustration of Christ, the Virgin and Saints (ended and turbulent period of Iconoclasm), the first illustrations of Christ appeared in front of the cross (not on him) dressed, lively and serene, triumphant over death. In the Middle Ages, however, the churches decided to devote more attention to the torment of the crucifixion and death …

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